Antonio Díaz-Cruz

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1. Steroid hormones act on neuronal communication through different mechanisms, ranging from transynaptic modulation of neurotransmitter synthesis and release to development and remodeling of synaptic circuitry. Due the wide distribution of putative brain targets for steroid hormones, acute or sustained elevations of their circulating levels may affect,(More)
In isolated rat hepatocytes adenosine and inosine showed a dose-dependent increase in the rate of glucose synthesis from lactate with a Ka of 7.5 x 10(-8) and 9 x 10(-8) M, respectively. Absence of this action was recorded with: IMP, xanthosine, adenine, hypoxanthine, and uric acid. A reciprocal inhibition of individual gluconeogenic stimulation was found(More)
Inosine, an endogenous nucleoside, has recently been shown to exert potent effects on the immune, neural, and cardiovascular systems. This work addresses modulation of intermediary metabolism by inosine through adenosine receptors (ARs) in isolated rat hepatocytes. We conducted an in silico search in the GenBank and complete genomic sequence databases for(More)
The objective of this work is to identify the adenosine receptor subtype and the triggered events involved in the regulation of hepatic glycogen metabolism. Glycogenolysis, gluconeogenesis, cAMP, and cytosolic Ca2+ ([Ca2+](cyt)) were measured in isolated hepatocytes challenged with adenosine A1, A2A, and A3 receptor-selective agonists. Stimulation of(More)
Isolated rat hepatocytes, incubated in a high K+ medium which depolarizes their plasma membrane, were used to investigate the response to adenosine. High K+ concentration blocked both the adenosine mediated increase of calcium influx and the increase in the rate of urea synthesis. It is concluded that a) adenosine stimulates calcium influx in hepatocytes(More)
We have examined the effects of alpha 1- and beta-receptor activation on cyclic AMP (cAMP) accumulation in cultured pinealocytes from female ovariectomized rats, and from intact rats at proestrus treated with the antiestrogen Tamoxifen, the antiprogestagen RU486, or with both. Isoproterenol (a beta-agonist) significantly increased cAMP levels in(More)
It is known that adrenaline promotes hydroxyl radical generation in isolated rat hepatocytes. The aim of this work was to investigate a potential role of NADPH oxidase (Nox) isoforms for an oxidative stress signal in response to adrenaline in hepatocytes. Enriched plasma membranes from isolated rat liver cells were prepared for this purpose. These membranes(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess effects of high dietary amounts of vitamin C or vitamin E and oxidative stress on the heart and growth performance of broilers maintained at an altitude of 2,200 m above sea level. ANIMALS 360 chicks (1-day-old broilers). PROCEDURE Birds were randomly assigned to 3 groups (120 chicks/group). Each group of birds was fed a specific(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the gluconeogenic response of in vitro stimulated hepatocytes from control broilers and broilers with clinical manifestations of the ascites syndrome. The basal rate of glucose synthesis from lactate was found to be threefold greater in sick birds than in the control group and stimulation obtained with epinephrine(More)
The NADPH oxidase (NOX) family of enzymes oxidase catalyzes the transport of electrons from NADPH to molecular oxygen and generates O(2)(•-), which is rapidly converted into H(2)O(2). We aimed to identify in hepatocytes the protein NOX complex responsible for H(2)O(2) synthesis after α(1)-adrenoceptor (α(1)-AR) stimulation, its activation mechanism, and to(More)