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Among other functions, melatonin exerts both antioxidative and immunoregulatory roles. The indoleamine is secreted in the saliva, although its role into the mouth is not known. Diabetic patients frequently display oral cavity pathologies such as periodontal disease (PD), an inflammatory disease coursing with an increase in free radical production. Thus, we(More)
Invasion of the maxillary sinus is a relatively frequent complication in dental implant treatment of patients with inadequate bone height in the posterior maxilla. This event usually occurs during surgery and sometimes produces sinusitis. There is a paucity of reports in the literature of implants migrating into the sinus cavity after a period of function.(More)
BACKGROUND Melatonin possesses antioxidant, free-radical scavenging, and immunoenhancing properties that promote fibroblast activity and bone regeneration. The aim of this study was to examine the possible links between salivary melatonin levels and the severity of periodontal disease using the community periodontal index (CPI). METHODS Thirty-seven(More)
BACKGROUND The performance of implant surgery in the posterior maxilla often poses a challenge due to insufficient available bone. Sinus floor elevation was developed to increase needed vertical height to overcome this problem. The present study described and reported a simple, safe and predictable bone graft mixture for the sinus lifting procedure. (More)
BACKGROUND Melatonin is synthesized and secreted by the pineal gland and other organs. The pattern of melatonin secretion is controlled by an endogenous circadian timing system and conveys information about the light-dark cycle to the organism, thereby organizing its seasonal and circadian rhythms. Melatonin has powerful antioxidant effects, functions in an(More)
BACKGROUND Oxidative stress constitutes the basis for many diseases and it may account for the severity of systemic and oral disease complications. The aim of this study was to assess whether saliva may be used to detect the body's oxidative stress level. METHODS Oxidative stress was determined in saliva from 14 diabetic patients and 10 heroin addicts;(More)
BACKGROUND Melatonin is the principal secretory product of the pineal gland. It has immunomodulatory and antioxidant activities, stimulates the proliferation of collagen and osseous tissue and acts as a protector against cellular degeneration associated with aging and toxin exposure. Arising out of its antioxidant actions, melatonin protects against(More)
BACKGROUND The antioxidant and anti-inflammatory hormone melatonin is secreted by saliva into the oral cavity, where it may protect the mucosal and gingival tissues from radical damage. To date, no studies have addressed the potential beneficial role of melatonin in the acute inflammatory response that follows oral surgical interventions, especially tooth(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the topical application of melatonin on osteointegration of dental implants in Beagle dogs 14 days after their insertion. In preparation for subsequent insertion of dental implants, upper and lower premolars and molars were extracted from 12 Beagle dogs. Each mandible received cylindrical screw implants of(More)