Antonio Crovace

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Ischemia-reperfusion injury is the major cause of delayed graft function in transplanted kidneys, an early event significantly affecting long-term graft function and survival. Several studies in rodents suggest that the alternative pathway of the complement system plays a pivotal role in renal ischemia-reperfusion injury. However, limited information is(More)
In this study we evaluated the performance of Skelite, a resorbable bioceramic based on silicon stabilized tricalcium phosphate (Si-TCP), in promoting the repair of a large-sized, experimentally induced defect in a weight-bearing long bone sheep model. Eighteen 2-year-old ewes were used in this study. Animals were sacrificed at 3, 6, and 12 months. One(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to compare the regeneration abilities of cultured bone marrow mesenchymal cells (cBMSC) and bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMNC) with fibrin glue, saline solution and sham control in collagenase-induced tendinitis of the Achilles tendon in sheep. METHODS Six sheep were recruited randomly to each group: cBMSC, BMMNC,(More)
RATIONALE The open lung strategy aims at reopening (recruitment) of nonaerated lung areas in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome, avoiding tidal alveolar hyperinflation in the limited area of normally aerated tissue (baby lung). OBJECTIVES We tested the hypothesis that recruited lung areas do not resume elastic properties of adjacent baby(More)
Autologous chondrocyte implantation is currently applied in clinics as an innovative tool for articular cartilage repair. Animal models have been and still are being used to validate and further improve the technique. However, in various species, the outcome varies from hyaline-like cartilage to fibrocartilage. This may be due partly to the spontaneous(More)
The aim of this study was to compare treatment with cultured bone marrow stromal cells (cBMSCs), bone marrow Mononucleated Cells (BMMNCs), and placebo to repair collagenase-induced tendinitis in horses. In six adult Standardbred horses, 4000 IU of collagenase were injected in the superficial digital flexor tendon (SDFT). Three weeks after collagenase(More)
OBJECTIVE The Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Network protocol recommends limiting tidal volume and plateau pressure; it also recommends increasing respiratory rate to prevent hypercapnia. We tested a strategy that combines the low tidal volume with lower respiratory rates and minimally invasive CO2 removal. SUBJECTS Ten lung-damaged pigs (instilled(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the effect of 2 concentrations of oxygen in inspired gas (fraction of inspired oxygen [FIO(2)] 1.0 or 0.4) on pulmonary aeration and gas exchange in dogs during inhalation anesthesia. ANIMALS 20 healthy dogs. PROCEDURES Following administration of acepromazine and morphine, anesthesia was induced in each dog with thiopental and(More)
Brucella spp. is a worldwide zoonotic pathogen. Infection by Brucella canis in dogs is endemic in the Southern USA and in Central and South America, but it appears sporadically in other parts of the world, including Europe. Tissue samples from a dog with chronic prostatitis, discospondylitis and locomotor problems were subjected to clinical and laboratory(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the use of the oxygen content-based index, Fshunt, as an indicator of venous admixture (Qs/Qt) at various fractions of inspired oxygen (FIO(2)s) in anesthetized sheep undergoing Flung or 2-lung ventilation. Animals-6 healthy adult female sheep. PROCEDURES Sheep were anesthetized and administered 5 different FIO(2)s (0.21, 0.40, 0.60,(More)