Antonio Colantuoni

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Previous studies have shown that the pial microcirculation remodeling improves neurological outcome after middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO), accompanied by higher expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), modulating in vivo angiogenesis. This study was aimed to assess the effects of bone(More)
The oscillatory pattern of pial arterioles, i.e. vasomotion, has been described since early 1980s, but the impact of neural activation on such oscillations has never been formally examined. Sciatic nerve stimulation, a well characterized model for studying neurovascular coupling (NVC), leads to a neural activity-related increase of pial arteriolar diameter(More)
The aim of this study was to assess the in vivo effects of quercetin on pial microvascular responses during transient bilateral common carotid artery occlusion (BCCAO) and reperfusion. Rat pial microcirculation was visualized by fluorescence microscopy through a closed cranial window. Pial arterioles were classified in five orders of branchings. Capillaries(More)
Blood pressure homeostasis is maintained by several mechanisms regulating cardiac output, vascular resistances, and blood volume. At cellular levels, reactive oxygen species (ROS) signaling is involved in multiple molecular mechanisms controlling blood pressure. Among ROS producing systems, NADPH oxidases (NOXs), expressed in different cells of the(More)
In the present study we have extended our previous findings about the effects of 10 minutes of passive mandibular extension in anesthetized Wistar rats. By prolonging the observation time to 3 hours, we showed that 10 minutes mandibular extension caused a significant reduction of the mean arterial blood pressure and heart rate respect to baseline values,(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of sarcopenia in a population of obese older women and to assess the effect of a diet moderately rich in proteins on lean mass in sarcopenic obese older women. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 1,030 females, >65 years old, body mass index >30 kg/m(2), were investigated about their nutritional status. Muscle mass (MM)(More)
Time-variant AR-modelling was used to analyse the non-stationary properties of LDF signals during provocation tests. The procedure for the estimation of time-varying AR parameters based on Kalman filtering is presented. The estimates can be used to calculate instantaneous measures, such as peak frequency, spectral band power and coherence. The resulting(More)
Systemic hypoxia (8%, 11% and 15% oxygen gas mixture inspiration) has been shown to increase the frequency of arteriolar rhythmic diameter changes in hamster skeletal muscle microcirculation. The effects of phentolamine on vasomotion frequency during systemic hypoxia were studied in Syrian hamsters implanted with a plastic chamber in the dorsum skin.(More)
The permeability of the microcirculation to native and glycosylated albumin was tested in 25 non-diabetic Syrian hamsters. The microvasculature of the cheek pouch was studied by a fluorescent video-microscopy technique after the animals had been injected with fluorescent native or glycosylated albumin or with both. Native albumin remained in the cheek pouch(More)
The present study was aimed to assess the changes in skin microvascular blood flow (SBF) in newly diagnosed hyperglycemic obese subjects, administered with hypocaloric diet. Adult patients were recruited and divided in three groups: NW group (n=54), NG (n=54) and HG (n=54) groups were constituted by normal weight, normoglycemic and hyperglycemic obese(More)