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OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to assess the rat pial microvessel alterations due to transient bilateral common carotid artery occlusion (BCCAO) and to investigate the mechanism of 10% hypertonic glycerol neuroprotection. Our suggestion was that 10% glycerol solution infusion could dilate pial arterioles through nitric oxide release and/or stimulation(More)
Intravital microscopy and laser Doppler fluxmetry (LDF) were used to assess vasomotion and flux motion in skeletal muscle microcirculation. To clarify the relation between vessel type and LDF signals, arterioles, capillaries, and venules were sequentially studied. We used as an experimental model the hamster skin fold window preparation to record vasomotion(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to assess the geometric characteristics of rat pial microcirculation and describe the vessel bifurcation patterns by 'connectivity matrix'. METHODS Male Wistar rats were used to visualize pial microcirculation by a fluorescent microscopy technique through an open cranial window, using fluorescein isothiocyanate bound to(More)
The trigemino-cardiac reflex is a brainstem reflex known to lead to a decrement in heart rate and blood pressure, whereas few data have been collected about its effects on the cerebral hemodynamic. In this study we assess the in vivo effects of trigeminal nerve peripheral stimulation by mandibular extension on pial microcirculation and systemic arterial(More)
OBJECTIVES Obesity is a risk factor for cognitive decline and dementia. Whether weight loss improves cognition in older obese adults is not known. The objective was to investigate the effects of intentional weight loss on physical and cognitive function in middle-aged and older obese adults attending a weight loss clinic. METHOD Eleven male and 39 female(More)
A mathematical model was used to study the origin of complex self-sustained diameter oscillations in multibranched microvascular networks. The model includes three branching levels (order 3, 2, and 1 arterioles) of a microvascular network derived from in vivo observation in the hamster dorsal cutaneous muscle. The main biomechanical aspects covered by the(More)
OBJECTIVE The effects of insulin (0.18 nM-0.18 microM) on reduced capillary perfusion, microvascular permeability increase and leukocyte adhesion induced by ischemia-reperfusion injury were investigated in the hamster cheek pouch microcirculation. To gain insight into the insulin's mechanism of action, the effects of its higher concentration (0.18 microM)(More)
Arteriolar vasomotion was characterized in the skin muscle of the unanesthetized hamster skinfold window preparation and related to the specific arterioles that give rise to the different types of activity. The arterioles were classified according to the Strahler method: order 0 was assigned to capillaries and order 4 to the largest arterioles. The(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of NG-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA) and indomethacin (INDO), respectively inhibitors of nitric oxide synthase and cyclooxygenase, on spontaneous arteriolar activity (vasomotion) in the skeletal muscle of awake and anesthetized hamsters. Unanesthetized hamsters, implemented with the skin fold chamber(More)
The diameter of the arterial and arteriolar blood vessels was measured as a function of time in the hamster skin fold window preparation. When the animals recovered from the surgical implantation, the diameters of the arterial microvessels exhibited a continuous rhythmic activity throughout the preparation for a period of 2 wk while the chamber was intact.(More)