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DNA methylation is a major epigenetic mechanism for gene silencing. Whereas methyltransferases mediate cytosine methylation, it is less clear how unmethylated regions in mammalian genomes are protected from de novo methylation and whether an active demethylating activity is involved. Here, we show that either knockout or catalytic inactivation of the DNA(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the leading causes of cancer-related death worldwide, with limited treatment options. AKT/mTOR and Ras/MAPK pathways are frequently deregulated in human hepatocarcinogenesis. Recently, we generated an animal model characterized by the co-expression of activated forms of AKT and Ras in the mouse liver. We found that(More)
BACKGROUND Although the use of intervertebral fusion after anterior microdiscectomy in cervical disc disease remains controversial, a new surgical device is proposed for use in intervertebral fusion instead of bone graft. METHODS This retrospective study at the Department of Neurosurgery, Cardarelli Hospital, Naples, from January 1993 to December 1998,(More)
Cardiac valves are dynamic structures, exhibiting a highly specialized architecture consisting of cells and extracellular matrix with a relevant proteoglycan and glycosaminoglycan content, collagen and elastic fibers. Biological valve substitutes are obtained from xenogenic cardiac and pericardial tissues. To overcome the limits of such non viable(More)
Several studies have evidenced variations in plasma glycosaminoglycans content in physiological and pathological conditions. In normal human plasma GAGs are present mainly as undersulfated chondroitin sulfate (CS). The aim of the present study was to evaluate possible correlations between plasma CS level/structure and the presence/typology of carotid(More)
CO2 cerebrovascular reactivity has been recorded in 12 healthy volunteers and 10 patients with unilateral > 70% extracranial internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis, using non invasive techniques. The relative changes of middle cerebral artery blood flow velocity (VMCA) and velocity waveform pulsatility (PIMCA) after that hypocapnia was induced by(More)
Activation of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway is a crucial molecular event in human clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC), and is also upregulated in diabetic nephropathy. In diabetic rats metabolic changes affect the renal distal tubular epithelium and lead to glycogen-storing Armanni-Ebstein lesions (AEL), precursor lesions of RCC in the diabetes induced(More)
Mounting evidence indicates that S-Phase Kinase-Associated Protein 2 (SKP2) is overexpressed in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the role of SKP2 in hepatocarcinogenesis remains poorly delineated. To elucidate the function(s) of SKP2 in HCC, we stably overexpressed the SKP2 gene in the mouse liver, either alone or in combination with activated(More)
Activation of the PI3K and Yes-associated protein (Yap) signaling pathways has been independently reported in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the oncogenic interactions between these two cascades in hepatocarcinogenesis remain undetermined. To assess the consequences of the crosstalk between the PI3K and Yap pathways along liver(More)