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Diverse series of piperazines linked at N1 to 4, 5, or 6 positions of 3-(2H)-pyridazinone ring and at N4, by a suitable alkyl spacer, to some classical alpha1-adrenoceptor pharmacophore moieties, were tested in vitro for their alpha1-adrenoceptor antagonist activity. The modeling of their biological activity (pKb) by comparative molecular field analysis led(More)
To assess the stereochemical requirements for efficient alpha2C-adrenoreceptor activation, the enantiomeric forms of m-nitrobiphenyline [(+/-)-5] were prepared and tested on cells expressing the human alpha2-adrenoreceptor subtypes. The importance of chirality was confirmed, since the enantiomer (R)-(+)-5 was much more efficient than (S)-(-)-5 in producing(More)
As a further part of our chemical and biological studies in this field, we describe the multistep preparations of the properly substituted 2-(1-piperazinyl)chromone 1b, 4-(1-piperazinyl)coumarins 5c-h, their linear benzo-fused analogues 4a,b and 8a,b, bicyclic (15e-g) and tricyclic (15h,i) fused derivatives of 6-(1-piperazinyl)pyrimidin-4(3H)-one, and of(More)
The effects resulting from the introduction of an oxime group in place of the distal aromatic ring of the diphenyl moiety of LT175, previously reported as a PPARα/γ dual agonist, have been investigated. This modification allowed the identification of new bioisosteric ligands with fairly good activity on PPARα and fine-tuned moderate activity on PPARγ. For(More)
The goal of the present study was to modulate the receptor interaction properties of known alpha 2-adrenoreceptor (AR) antagonists to obtain novel alpha 2-AR agonists with desirable subtype selectivity. Therefore, a phenyl group or one of its bioisosteres or aliphatic moieties with similar steric hindrance were introduced into the aromatic ring of the(More)
A new series of 6-substituted 2-aminobenzothiazole derivatives were synthesized and screened in vitro as potential antimicrobials. Almost all the compounds showed antifungal activity. In particular, compounds 1n,o, designed on the basis of molecular modeling studies, were the best of the series, showing MIC values of 4-8 μg/mL against Candida albicans,(More)
Molecular requirements and determinants for efficient binding to CCR5 were interpreted by computational techniques based on comparative receptor structure modeling, advanced 3D-QSAR, docking, and shape-based virtual screening of commercially available entry blockers. Results of this study may be valuable for predicting new HIV entry-blocking leads.Acquired(More)
This article describes the construction and validation of a three-dimensional model of the human CCR5 receptor using a homology-based approach starting from the X-ray structure of the bovine rhodopsin receptor. The reliability of the model is assessed through molecular dynamics and docking simulations using both natural agonists and a synthetic antagonist.(More)
On the basis of a 3D-QSAR study, a new generation of tocainide analogues were designed and synthesized as voltage-gated skeletal muscle sodium channel blockers. Data obtained by screening new compounds by means of Hille-Campbell Vaseline gap voltage-clamp recordings showed that the elongation of the alkyl chain and the introduction of lipophilic and(More)
A series of 52 conformationally constrained butyrophenones have been synthesized and pharmacologically tested as antagonists at 5-HT(2A), 5-HT(2B), and 5-HT(2C) serotonin receptors, useful for dissecting the role of each 5-HT(2) subtype in pathophysiology. These compounds were also a consistent set for the identification of structural features relevant to(More)