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Yawning is an involuntary sequence of mouth opening, deep inspiration, brief apnea, and slow expiration. Few cases of yawning as a clinical sign of epileptic seizures, ictally or postictally, have been reported. We report the video/EEG documentation of yawning as an ictal sign in a 31-year-old patient affected by drug-resistant focal epilepsy symptomatic of(More)
The aim of the study was to evaluate interictal electroencephalogram features in 22 patients with Dravet syndrome from the onset of the disease through the next 5 years. Electroencephalogram was abnormal in 5 patients (22.7%) at onset, and in 17 (77.3%) at the end of the study. Epileptiform abnormalities (focal, multifocal, or generalized) were seen in 6(More)
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the central nervous system (CNS) and is characterized by inflammation, demyelination and desctruction of oligodendrocytes and axons. The immunology of MS is complex, involving autoreactive Th1 and Th17 lymphocytes, cells of the innate immune system including dedritic, natural killer (NK) and(More)
Natalizumab is one option for multiple sclerosis patients responding poorly to classical immunomodulators, but pilot studies did not point to its effectiveness as a second-line therapy. Aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of natalizumab as second-line therapy in patients switching from disease modifying therapies (DMTs) in a clinical setting. We(More)
Uric acid (UA) is reduced in multiple sclerosis (MS), and possibly relates to MS outcomes, with lower UA levels in subjects experiencing a relapse or presenting higher disability scores. The present retrospective longitudinal study evaluated UA variations in MS, in relation to clinical relapses, disability progression, and cognitive functions. We included(More)
Ring chromosome 14 [r(14)] is a rare disorder. The aim of this study was to describe two new cases of r(14) drug-resistant epilepsy, and, through an extensive review of literature, highlight those epileptological features which are more commonly found and which may help in early diagnosis, genetic counseling, and treatment. Epilepsy onset in r(14) syndrome(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Cardiovascular risk factors can increase the risk of multiple sclerosis (MS) and modify its course. However, such factors possibly interact, determining a global cardiovascular risk. Our aim was to compare the global cardiovascular risk of subjects with and without MS with the simplified 10-year Framingham General Cardiovascular(More)
Palmitoylethanolamide (PEA) is an endogenous lipid mediator known to reduce pain and inflammation. However, only limited clinical studies have evaluated the effects of PEA in neuroinflammatory and neurodegenerative diseases. Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic autoimmune and inflammatory disease of the central nervous system. Although subcutaneous(More)
Spasticity is a state of sustained pathological increase in the tension of a muscle. Treatment for spasticity has been revolutionized by the introduction of intrathecal baclofen (ITB) continuous infusion. ITB is associated with a 30% rate of complications mostly as a result of catheter problems that lead to acute ITB withdrawal. We describe a 10-year-old(More)
Glatiramer acetate (GA) is an approved and well tolerated drug for the treatment of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. We report a case of a 52 year-old man with psoriasis and relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis who developed, after 21 months of GA treatment, an injection-site cutaneous necrosis that involved both subcutaneous and muscular tissue(More)