Antonio Carotenuto

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Yawning is an involuntary sequence of mouth opening, deep inspiration, brief apnea, and slow expiration. Few cases of yawning as a clinical sign of epileptic seizures, ictally or postictally, have been reported. We report the video/EEG documentation of yawning as an ictal sign in a 31-year-old patient affected by drug-resistant focal epilepsy symptomatic of(More)
The aim of the study was to evaluate interictal electroencephalogram features in 22 patients with Dravet syndrome from the onset of the disease through the next 5 years. Electroencephalogram was abnormal in 5 patients (22.7%) at onset, and in 17 (77.3%) at the end of the study. Epileptiform abnormalities (focal, multifocal, or generalized) were seen in 6(More)
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the central nervous system (CNS) and is characterized by inflammation, demyelination and desctruction of oligodendrocytes and axons. The immunology of MS is complex, involving autoreactive Th1 and Th17 lymphocytes, cells of the innate immune system including dedritic, natural killer (NK) and(More)
Uric acid (UA) is reduced in multiple sclerosis (MS), and possibly relates to MS outcomes, with lower UA levels in subjects experiencing a relapse or presenting higher disability scores. The present retrospective longitudinal study evaluated UA variations in MS, in relation to clinical relapses, disability progression, and cognitive functions. We included(More)
Palmitoylethanolamide (PEA) is an endogenous lipid mediator known to reduce pain and inflammation. However, only limited clinical studies have evaluated the effects of PEA in neuroinflammatory and neurodegenerative diseases. Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic autoimmune and inflammatory disease of the central nervous system. Although subcutaneous(More)
Glatiramer acetate (GA) is an approved and well tolerated drug for the treatment of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. We report a case of a 52 year-old man with psoriasis and relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis who developed, after 21 months of GA treatment, an injection-site cutaneous necrosis that involved both subcutaneous and muscular tissue(More)
Ring chromosome 14 [r(14)] is a rare disorder. The aim of this study was to describe two new cases of r(14) drug-resistant epilepsy, and, through an extensive review of literature, highlight those epileptological features which are more commonly found and which may help in early diagnosis, genetic counseling, and treatment. Epilepsy onset in r(14) syndrome(More)
Spasticity is a state of sustained pathological increase in the tension of a muscle. Treatment for spasticity has been revolutionized by the introduction of intrathecal baclofen (ITB) continuous infusion. ITB is associated with a 30% rate of complications mostly as a result of catheter problems that lead to acute ITB withdrawal. We describe a 10-year-old(More)
BACKGROUND Multiple Sclerosis is a heterogeneous disorders involving in early stage gait and balance. Together with immunomodulating therapies, rehabilitation had a crucial role in improving motor tasks and quality of life. Between the emerging techniques, Focal Vibrations (FV) could play a role, but they have been used in MS only to reduce muscle tone and(More)
People with multiple sclerosis (MS) frequently report difficulties in finding personally relevant information on the Internet. With this in mind, the Google top-ten patient-oriented results were analysed for their overall level of readability. The most commonly visited websites required an average grade level of 11.74 ± 1.54, and an average number of years(More)