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Nitroaromatic compounds are xenobiotics that have found multiple applications in the synthesis of foams, pharmaceuticals, pesticides, and explosives. These compounds are toxic and recalcitrant and are degraded relatively slowly in the environment by microorganisms. 2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene (TNT) is the most widely used nitroaromatic compound. Certain strains(More)
Nitroreductases are a group of proteins that catalyse pyridine nucleotide-dependent reduction of nitroaromatics compounds, showing significant human health and environmental implications. In this study we have identified the nitroreductase-family enzymes PnrA and PnrB from the TNT-degrading strain Pseudomonas putida. The enzyme encoded by the pnrA gene was(More)
In situ bioremediation of the nitroaromatic explosive 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) provides a cost-effective alternative for cleaning up contaminated sites. Here we compare the effectiveness of several bioremediation techniques: natural attenuation, bioaugmentation with TNT-degrading Pseudomonas putida JLR11, phytoremediation with maize (Zea mays L.) and(More)
Insulin-like peptides (ILPs) play highly conserved roles in development and physiology. Most animal genomes encode multiple ILPs. Here we identify mechanisms for how the forty Caenorhabditis elegans ILPs coordinate diverse processes, including development, reproduction, longevity and several specific stress responses. Our systematic studies identify an(More)
Industrialization and the quest for a more comfortable lifestyle have led to increasing amounts of pollution in the environment. To address this problem, several biotechnological applications aimed at removing this pollution have been investigated. Among these pollutants are xenobiotic compounds such as polynitroaromatic compounds--recalcitrant chemicals(More)
Pseudomonas putida JLR11 can grow on 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) as the sole nitrogen source. We created nasB (nitrite reductase), pnrA (nitroaromatic reductase) and pnrA nasB mutants and tested their growth with TNT as the sole N source. The nasB and pnrA mutants grew at a reduced rate on TNT, whereas the double nasB pnrA mutant did not. This suggests that(More)
Pseudomonas putida JLR11 releases nitrogen from the 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) ring as nitrite or ammonium. These processes can occur simultaneously, as shown by the observation that a nasB mutant impaired in the reduction of nitrite to ammonium grew at a slower rate than the parental strain. Nitrogen from TNT is assimilated via the glutamine(More)
BACKGROUND Resection of intact primary tumor is controversial in metastatic breast cancer patients. The aim of this study is to review the impact of surgical resection of primary tumor on overall survival and to assess the role of timing of surgery on survival rates. METHODS 208 patients with metastatic breast cancer diagnosed between 1982 and 2005 in the(More)
To investigate potential complementary activities of multiple enzymes belonging to the same family within a single microorganism, we chose a set of Old Yellow Enzyme (OYE) homologs of Pseudomonas putida. The physiological function of these enzymes is not well established; however, an activity associated with OYE family members from different microorganisms(More)