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AIMS The success rate of circumferential pulmonary vein ablation (CPVA) to treat atrial fibrillation (AF) ranges from 60 to 90%, depending on the series. The objective of the study was to identify predictors of AF recurrence after a standardized CPVA procedure. METHODS AND RESULTS A series of 148 consecutive patients undergoing CPVA for symptomatic(More)
BACKGROUND Catheter ablation (CA) and minimally invasive surgical ablation (SA) have become accepted therapy for antiarrhythmic drug-refractory atrial fibrillation. This study describes the first randomized clinical trial comparing their efficacy and safety during a 12-month follow-up. METHODS AND RESULTS One hundred twenty-four patients with(More)
BACKGROUND Some ventricular tachycardias (VTs) originating from the epicardium are not suitable for endocardial radiofrequency ablation and require an epicardial approach. The aim of this study was to define the ECG characteristics that may identify an epicardial origin of VTs. METHODS AND RESULTS We analyzed the 12-lead ECG recordings during epicardial(More)
AIMS Current guidelines recommend stopping oral anticoagulation (OAC) and starting heparin infusion before implanting/replacing a pacemaker/implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) in patients with high risk for thrombo-embolic events. The aim of this study was to demonstrate that the maintenance of OAC during device implantation/replacement is as safe(More)
BACKGROUND Ventricular tachycardia (VT) ablation in patients with arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy (ARVD/C) has a low success rate. A more extensive epicardial (Epi) arrhythmogenic substrate could explain the low efficacy. We report the results of combined endocardial (Endo) and Epi VT ablation and conducting channel (CC)(More)
AIMS Long-term endurance sport practice has been increasingly recognized as a risk factor for lone atrial fibrillation (AF). However, data on the outcome of circumferential pulmonary vein ablation (CPVA) in endurance athletes are scarce. The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of CPVA in AF secondary to endurance sport practice. METHODS AND(More)
Identification of the earliest activation area is a common task in focal tachycardia catheter ablation treatments. In these procedures the detection of the electrogram (EGM) activation onset during electroanatomical mapping (EAM) helps to define the ablation target area. However, EAM systems do not automatically detect the EGM activation onset and this is(More)
Scar presence and its characteristics play a fundamental role in several cardiac pathologies. To accurately define the extent and location of the scar is essential for a successful ventricular tachycardia ablation procedure. Nowadays, a set of widely accepted electrical voltage thresholds applied to local electrograms recorded are used intraoperatively to(More)
AIMS Intraventricular conduction defects (IVCDs) can impair prognosis of heart failure (HF), but their specific impact is not well established. This study aimed to analyse the clinical profile and outcomes of HF patients with LBBB, right bundle branch block (RBBB), left anterior fascicular block (LAFB), and no IVCDs. METHODS AND RESULTS Clinical variables(More)
AIMS Pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) induces left atrial (LA) volume reduction, known as reverse remodelling (RR). The related changes in LA shape have not yet been evaluated. Left atrial sphericity (LASP) is a new shape-based marker of remodelling that compares LA geometry and a perfect sphere and is a powerful predictor of PVI success. We aimed to evaluate(More)