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The risk of death in hemodialysis patients treated with calcium-containing phosphate binders or sevelamer is not known. We assessed all-cause mortality in 127 patients new to hemodialysis assigned to calcium-containing binders or sevelamer after a median follow-up of 44 months from randomization. This was a predetermined secondary end point of a randomized(More)
Cardiovascular calcification poses an increased risk for cardiovascular events in advanced phases of chronic kidney disease. This evidence has brought many investigators to focus their attention on the importance of detection of calcification and avoidance of further development of it with appropriate therapeutic choices. Physicians can use a variety of(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Dietary phosphorous overload and excessive calcium intake from calcium-containing phosphate binders promote coronary artery calcification (CAC) that may contribute to high mortality of dialysis patients. CAC has been found in patients in early stages of nondialysis-dependent CKD. In this population, no study has evaluated the(More)
Serum phosphorus levels in the general population have been reported to be associated with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality and increased carotid intima-media thickness. The authors examined gender heterogeneity in the association of phosphorus with all-cause mortality and incident coronary artery disease using data from the Atherosclerosis Risk in(More)
Increased arterial stiffness is a marker of vasculopathy in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients, suggesting a significant cardiovascular damage. Detection of arterial stiffness provides physicians with useful prognostic information independent of traditional cardiovascular (CV) risk factors. In addition, this knowledge may help guide appropriate(More)
BACKGROUND Coronary artery calcification (CAC) is highly prevalent in haemodialysis patients and is associated with cardiovascular outcomes. Though cardiac computed tomography (CCT) is accurate, it is not widely available. METHODS We developed a cardiovascular calcification index (CCI) to predict the presence of CAC for haemodialysis patients using simple(More)
INTRODUCTION Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT), a common, serious, and progressive complication of chronic kidney disease (CKD), is characterized by elevated serum parathyroid hormone (PTH), parathyroid gland hyperplasia, and mineral metabolism abnormalities. These disturbances may result in CKD-mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD), which is associated(More)
BACKGROUND Vascular calcification and low bone turnover with a relatively low parathyroid hormone (PTH) often coexist in diabetic patients undergoing haemodialysis. Since calcium salts (CaS) are used extensively as primary phosphate binders and have been associated with progressive vascular calcification, we studied the effects of CaS on coronary arteries(More)
Vascular calcification is associated with an adverse prognosis in end-stage renal disease. It can be accurately quantitated with computed tomography but simple in-office techniques may provide equally useful information. Accordingly we compared the results obtained with simple non-invasive techniques with those obtained using electron beam tomography (EBT)(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Calcification of the mitral and aortic valves is common in dialysis patients (CKD-5D). However, the prognostic significance of valvular calcification (VC) in CKD is not well established. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS 144 adult CKD-5D patients underwent bidimensional echocardiography for qualitative assessment of(More)