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The risk of death in hemodialysis patients treated with calcium-containing phosphate binders or sevelamer is not known. We assessed all-cause mortality in 127 patients new to hemodialysis assigned to calcium-containing binders or sevelamer after a median follow-up of 44 months from randomization. This was a predetermined secondary end point of a randomized(More)
Cardiovascular calcification poses an increased risk for cardiovascular events in advanced phases of chronic kidney disease. This evidence has brought many investigators to focus their attention on the importance of detection of calcification and avoidance of further development of it with appropriate therapeutic choices. Physicians can use a variety of(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Dietary phosphorous overload and excessive calcium intake from calcium-containing phosphate binders promote coronary artery calcification (CAC) that may contribute to high mortality of dialysis patients. CAC has been found in patients in early stages of nondialysis-dependent CKD. In this population, no study has evaluated the(More)
Abnormalities of bone mineral metabolism in patients with stage-5 chronic kidney disease may contribute to the high incidence of cardiovascular disease. Noninvasive imaging methods may help predict the simultaneous presence of vasculopathy and bone disease. Accordingly, we measured pulse wave velocity and bone mineral density (BMD), and T-scores (number of(More)
BACKGROUND Vascular calcification and low bone turnover with a relatively low parathyroid hormone (PTH) often coexist in diabetic patients undergoing haemodialysis. Since calcium salts (CaS) are used extensively as primary phosphate binders and have been associated with progressive vascular calcification, we studied the effects of CaS on coronary arteries(More)
BACKGROUND Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) has been described in the general population as an independent risk marker for incident coronary artery disease. In hemodialysis patients, it correlates with other markers of cardiovascular disease, but it is unknown if it is associated with adverse events. METHODS post hoc analysis of the Renagel in New Dialysis(More)
Serum phosphorus levels in the general population have been reported to be associated with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality and increased carotid intima-media thickness. The authors examined gender heterogeneity in the association of phosphorus with all-cause mortality and incident coronary artery disease using data from the Atherosclerosis Risk in(More)
Increased arterial stiffness is a marker of vasculopathy in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients, suggesting a significant cardiovascular damage. Detection of arterial stiffness provides physicians with useful prognostic information independent of traditional cardiovascular (CV) risk factors. In addition, this knowledge may help guide appropriate(More)
BACKGROUND We investigated the effects of visit-to-visit systolic blood pressure variability (SBPV) on both mortality and dialysis inception in a cohort of chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients not requiring dialysis therapy. Furthermore, we also explored the carry-over effect of visit-to-visit SBPV on mortality after dialysis initiation. METHODS We(More)
INTRODUCTION Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT), a common, serious, and progressive complication of chronic kidney disease (CKD), is characterized by elevated serum parathyroid hormone (PTH), parathyroid gland hyperplasia, and mineral metabolism abnormalities. These disturbances may result in CKD-mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD), which is associated(More)