Antonio Augusto Velasco Cruz

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PURPOSE To describe a series of patients with eyelid lesions caused by paracoccidioidomycosis and to estimate the prevalence of eyelid involvement in this disease METHODS The medical records of 439 patients with paracoccidioidomycosis admitted to our hospital from 1992 to 2002 were reviewed. Age, sex, and clinical forms of the disease were recorded. All(More)
Graves upper eyelid retraction (GUER) is the most common and characteristic sign of Graves orbitopathy. Despite being well recognized since the 19th century, GUER is still a subject of controversy. We review GUER, including historical aspects, diagnosis, methods of measurements, ocular surface abnormalities, etiology, and medical and surgical treatments.(More)
PurposeTo compare the prevalence of pterygium and cataract in four indigenous populations of the Brazilian Amazonian rain forest (Arawak, Tukano, Maku, and Yanomami) with different ethnic and social behaviour backgrounds.MethodsA cross-sectional pterygium and cataract survey was performed in 624 adult Indians of the Brazilian rain forest belonging to four(More)
Primary granular cell tumor of the orbit is a rare type of neoplasm. The tumor is frequently associated with extraocular muscles, and eye motility limitation is an unavoidable complication after its surgical removal. The objective of the present article is to review the literature on primary granular cell tumors of the orbit and to report a case of this(More)
Monobloc frontofacial advancement with internal distraction osteogenesis is still a relatively new technique, and the literature on exorbitism correction of syndromal faciocraniosynostosis with monobloc advancement is scarce. Using a image processing software, we measured on axial computed tomographic scans the effect of monobloc advancement on the(More)
Spontaneous blinking is essential for maintaining a healthy ocular surface and clarity of vision. The spontaneous blink rate (SBR) is believed to reflect a complex interaction between peripheral influences mediated by the eye surface and the central dopaminergic activity. The SBR is thus extremely variable and dependent on a variety of psychological and(More)
PURPOSE To describe the clinical and radiologic features of orbital involvement in craniofacial brown tumors and to compare the rate of brown tumors in primary and secondary hyperparathyroidism. METHODS A retrospective hospital-based study of 115 patients with chronic kidney disease and secondary hyperparathyroidism and 34 with primary hyperparathyroidism(More)
Major skull defects, especially in the anterior region, can present as a most disturbing deformity. Reconstructive cranioplasty can restore cerebral protection and improve craniofacial aesthetics. Complex and large skull defects in children often present reconstructive difficulties. In this paper, an unusual case of a very large post-traumatic defect (318(More)
PURPOSE To assess the prevalence of orbital invasion by juvenile nasoangiofibroma and to discuss its surgical treatment. METHODS A retrospective review of the medical records and tomographic scans of a case series of 19 patients with juvenile nasoangiofibroma was performed. All scans were reviewed by a radiologist and an orbital surgeon. The presence of(More)
PURPOSE To compare two techniques of orbital decompression for Graves orbitopathy, that is, the inferomedial transfornix/transcaruncular approach and the inferomedial plus lateral coronal approach. METHODS Comparative interventional case series. A retrospective review of 53 patients (94 orbits) with Graves orbitopathy operated on over a 9-year period was(More)