Antonio Armario

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Because of its use as a negative reinforcer in animal studies and its potential pathological impact (e.g. post-traumatic stress disorder and depression), exposure to aversive stimuli is a relevant(More)
Activation of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis is presumably related to the degree of novelty and considered to reflect emotional reactivity. Exposure to novel environments can allow us(More)