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The combination of diverse materials and complex geometry makes stress distribution analysis in teeth very complicated. Simulation in a computerized model might enable a study of the simultaneous interaction of the many variables. A 3D solid model of a human maxillary premolar was prepared and exported into a 3D-finite element model (FEM). Additionally, a(More)
The biomechanical effect of mandibular functional flexure on stress build-up in implant-supported fixed restorations is discussed. The relative deformations and stress distributions in six different designs of implant-supported prosthetic systems (six or four implants, with or without distal cantilevers, cross-arch or midline-divided bar into two(More)
AIM To identify mechanical and geometrical variables affecting the biofidelity of numerical models of human mandible. Computed results sensibility to cortical bone orthotropy and thicknesses is investigated. METHODS Two mandible numerical models of different bone complexities are setup. In the low-complexity model, cortical bone is coupled with isotropic(More)
This study is aimed at evaluating the biomechanical behavior of feldspathic versus alumina porcelain veneers. A 3D numerical model of a maxillary central incisor, with the periodontal ligament (PDL) and the alveolar bone was generated. Such model was made up of four main volumes: dentin, enamel, cement layer and veneer. Incisors restored with alumina and(More)
OBJECTIVES Teeth, adhesively restored with resin-based materials, were modeled by 3D-finite elements analysis that showed a premature failure during polymerization shrinkage and occlusal loading. METHODS Simulation of Class II MOD composite restorations with a resin bonding system revealed a complex biomechanical behavior arising from the simultaneous(More)
OBJECTIVE The present study aimed at evaluating different restoring configurations of a crownless maxillary central incisor, in order to compare the biomechanical behavior of the restored tooth with that of a sound tooth. MATERIALS AND METHODS A 3D FE model of a maxillary central incisor is presented. An arbitrary static force of 10 N was applied with an(More)
OBJECTIVES A comparative study on the stress distribution in the dentine and cement layer of an endodontically treated maxillary incisor has been carried out by using Finite Element Analysis (FEA). The role of post and cement rigidity on reliability of endodontic restorations is discussed. METHODS A 3D FEM model (13,272 elements and 15,152 nodes) of a(More)
OBJECTIVES The present comparative analysis aimed at evaluating which combination of restorative materials resulted in the most homogeneous stress and strain distributions. METHODS A three-dimensional finite element analysis was performed. All the nodes on the external surface of the root were constrained in all directions. Eighteen experimental models(More)
The study aimed at estimating the effect of insertion length of posts with composite restorations on stress and strain distributions in central incisors and surrounding bone. The typical, average geometries were generated in a FEA environment. Dentin was considered as an elastic orthotropic material, and periodontal ligament was coupled with nonlinear(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to simultaneously determine the impact of exposure times and incremental resin composite overlaying thickness on the cure kinetics of a light activated composite and a dentin adhesive at selected depths of a simulated restoration. METHODS Levels and kinetics of polymerization of a light activated resin composite(More)