Antonio A. Calderón

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Suspension-cultured cells of Solanum lycopersicum cv Micro-Tom were used to evaluate the effect of methyl jasmonate and cyclodextrins, separately or in combination, on the induction of defense responses. An extracellular accumulation of two sterols (isofucosterol and β-sitosterol) and taraxasterol, a common tomato fruit cuticular triterpene, were observed.(More)
Pepper fruits contain a peroxidase isoenzyme of basic pI, the peroxidase isoenzyme B6, located in vacuoles and the principal component of peroxidase polymorphism in the whole fruit. This isoenzyme was purified by preparative isoelectric focusing in glycerol-stabilized 3.0-10.0 pH gradients and characterized for its ability to oxidize capsaicin(More)
Differential expression and localization of peroxidase isoenzymes capable of oxidizing 4-hydroxystilbenes was studied during establishment of callus cultures from Vitis vinifera ‘Airen’ (anthocyanin-non accumulating) and ‘Monastrell’ (anthocyanin-accumulating) berries. Callus formation from mesocarp tissues was accompanied by differential expression of(More)
The exogenous application of salicylic acid (SA) not only protects plants against stress, but also enhances their growth and productivity. In this study, proliferating shoots of Cistus heterophyllus subsp. carthaginensis, an endangered plant species, were incubated in the presence of 0, 10, 100, and 1,000 μM SA for a period of 2 months. Overall growth,(More)
Calcium oxalate (CaOx) crystals in plants may serve as a sink for the absorption of excess calcium, and they could play an important role in heavy metal detoxification. In this study, the effect of heavy metals and different calcium concentrations on the growth of calcium oxalate crystals in leaves of Phaseolus vulgaris was investigated. Different(More)
The oxidative stability of rosmarinic acid (alpha-O-caffeoyl-3,4-dihydroxyphenyllactic acid) in lavandin (Lavandula x intermedia) cell cultures was studied in an attempt to explain the decrease in the rosmarinic acid content of aging cell cultures, a process which is associated with the appearance of brown pigments. The oxidation of rosmarinic acid by a(More)
The study of the subcellular localization of the basic isoperoxidases in grapevines was carried out by using cells cultured in suspension as a model system. Results from subcellular fractionation, isoenzyme analysis, enzyme binding and cytochemical probes suggest that basic isoperoxidases are localized mainly in the vacuolar sap of the suspension cultured(More)
The distribution of 4 key isoflavones (luteone, genistein, 2'-hydroxygenistein and wighteone) in lupin (Lupinus albus L. cv. multolupa) hypocotyls shows a gradient that diminishes from young to old tissues. A spatial gradient occurs within the hypocotyl, and a temporal gradient in both the outermost vascular and epidermal tissues. Not only does a gradient(More)
A zymographic screening of peroxidases (EC 1.11.1.7) capable of oxidizing 4-hydroxystilbene was carried out by means of the peroxidase-catalyzed oxidative coupling of 4-hydroxystilbene and 4-aminoantipyrine. This screening reveals that only a few isoperoxidases are active in oxidizing 4-hydroxystilbene to viniferin-type compounds in in vitro cultures of(More)
A new and sensitive spectrophotometric assay has been developed to study and to characterize kinetically the oxidation of 4-hydroxystilbene (an analogue of the putative viniferin precursor, trans-resveratrol, directly involved in the resistance mechanism of the grapevine to fungal diseases) by peroxidase-H2O2 systems. The technique measures the overall(More)