Antonino Marco Saitta

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Background and aims: Aging is associated with an increased risk of developing atherosclero-sis. Subjects over 80 years of age without cardiovascular disease provide a model to investigate the protective factors increasing their resistance to atherosclerotic disease. Platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase (PAF-AH) is an enzyme associated with low density(More)
Morphometric and electrophoretic properties of soleus and medialis gastrocnemius fibres from paraplegic patients were studied 1 to 10 months following complete traumatic cord transection (spinal cord level C5-T1). In the short term of paraplegia (1-6 months) gastrocnemius medialis and soleus muscles showed predominant atrophy of IIA fibre types. In long(More)
Many experiments have been done to determine the relative strengths of different knots, and these show that the break in a knotted rope almost invariably occurs at the point just outside the 'entrance' to the knot. The influence of knots on the properties of polymers has become of great interest, in part because of their effect on mechanical properties.(More)
BACKGROUND Atherosclerosis is a complex, chronic disease that usually arises from the converging action of several pathogenic processes, including hypertension, hyperlipidemia, obesity, and the accumulation of oxidized LDL. Platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase (PAF-AH) is a LDL- and HDL-bound enzyme that hydrolyzes and inactivates PAF and prevents(More)
The behavior of liquid water under an electric field is a crucial phenomenon in science and engineering. However, its detailed description at a microscopic level is difficult to achieve experimentally. Here we report on the first ab initio molecular-dynamics study on water under an electric field. We observe that the hydrogen-bond length and the molecular(More)
Cardiovascular (CV) diseases and related complications are the main causes of morbidity and mortality in the elderly. CV progenitor cells, including CD34+ cells, play a role in delaying the progression of atherosclerosis. In the present study we observed 100 octogenarians for seven years, in order to address the question of whether CD34+ cell number is a(More)
Age is associated with an enhanced low density lipoprotein (LDL) oxidation and atherosclerosis, thus, subjects over 80 years without cardiovascular disease provide a model to investigate the protective factors against atherosclerosis. Serum paraoxonase (PON1), an high density lipoprotein (HDL)-bound enzyme, prevents LDL oxidation. The aim of the present(More)
Using a superoperator formulation of linearized time-dependent density-functional theory, the dynamical polarizability of a system of interacting electrons is represented by a matrix continued fraction whose coefficients can be obtained from the nonsymmetric block-Lanczos method. The resulting algorithm, which is particularly convenient when large basis(More)
Diabetic mice are characterized by a disrupted expression pattern of VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor), and impaired vasculogenesis during healing. Experimental evidence suggests that RLX (relaxin) can improve several parameters associated with wound healing. Therefore we investigated the effects of porcine-derived RLX in diabetes-related(More)
State of the art variable composition structure prediction based on density functional theory demonstrates that two new stoichiometries of PN, PN3 and PN2, become viable at high pressure. PN3 has a skutterudite-like Immm structure and is metastable with positive phonon frequencies at pressures between 10 and 100 GPa. PN3 is metallic and is the first(More)