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Neurotrophins are growth factors which bind to signal-transducing receptors called Trk proteins. The neurotrophins and their receptor proteins are present in the mammalian and avian lymphoid organs, thus suggesting that these factors could act upon cells of the immune system. Nevertheless, little is known about the cellular distribution of neurotrophins and(More)
In recent years, data have accumulated suggesting that the role of neurotrophins and Trk receptors may not be limited to the nervous system, and the presence of these substances has been detected in a variety of vertebrate and invertebrate non-nervous tissues. This study was designed to map the expression of immunoreactivity (IR) for Trk-like proteins in(More)
Nerve growth factor (NGF) and its main low- (p75LNGFR) and high-affinity (TrkA) receptors have been found in the vertebrate thymus, thus suggesting they are involved in the control of thymic function. However, its role in this organ is poorly known. In the present study we used combined morphological and immunohistochemical techniques to analyze the(More)
The neurotrophins are a family of polypeptide growth factors that are essential for the development and maintenance of the vertebrate nervous system. In recent years, data have emerged indicating that neurotrophins could have a broader role than their name might suggest. In particular, the putative role of NGF and its receptor TrkA in immune system(More)
The occurrence of TrkB in the murine thymus (15-day and 3-month old) was investigated by Northern blot, Western blot and immunohistochemistry. Furthermore, the thymus of 15-day-old mice carrying a non-functional mutation on trkB was analyzed. Both trkB mRNA and 145 kDa TrkB protein were detected. In addition, isolated lymphocytes and stromal cells also(More)
In detecting chemical properties of food, different molecules and ion channels are involved including members of the acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs) family. Consistently ASICs are present in sensory cells of taste buds of mammals. In the present study the presence of ASICs (ASIC1, ASIC2, ASIC3 and ASIC4) was investigated in the taste buds of adult(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) signaling through TrkB regulates different aspects of neuronal development, including survival, axonal and dendritic growth, and synapse formation. Despite recent advances in our understanding of the functional significance of BDNF and TrkB in the retina, the cell types in the retina that express BDNF and TrkB, and(More)
Autophagy is an evolutionarily conserved process that is essential for cellular homeostasis and organismal viability in eukaryotes. However, the extent of its functions in higher-order processes of organismal physiology and behavior is still unknown. Here, we report that autophagy is essential for the maintenance of balance in mice and that its deficiency(More)
Ionic channels play key roles in the sensory cells, such as transducing specific stimuli into electrical signals. The acid-sensing ion channel (ASIC) family is voltage-insensitive, amiloride-sensitive, proton-gated cation channels involved in several sensory functions. ASIC2, in particular, has a dual function as mechano- and chemo-sensor. In this study, we(More)
In addition to their well-known actions within the nervous system, neurotrophins and their receptors are involved in immune system functioning, as demonstrated by their wide distribution in lymphoid tissues and their in vitro actions on immunocompetent cells. Nevertheless, the in vivo roles of neurotrophin-receptor systems in lymphoid tissues, as well as(More)