Antonino Cattaneo

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The mechanisms underlying the subcellular localization of neurotrophins and their receptors are poorly understood. We show that in cultured hippocampal neurons, the mRNAs for BDNF and TrkB have a somatodendritic localization, and we quantify the extent of their dendritic mRNA localization. In the dendrites the labeling covers on average the proximal 30% of(More)
Resveratrol, a natural phytoalexin found in grapes and red wine, increases longevity in the short-lived invertebrates Caenorhabditis elegans and Drosophila and exerts a variety of biological effects in vertebrates, including protection from ischemia and neurotoxicity. Its effects on vertebrate lifespan were not yet known. The relatively long lifespan of(More)
Soluble amyloid-beta (Abeta) peptide is likely to play a key role during early stages of Alzheimer's disease (AD) by perturbing synaptic function and cognitive processes. Receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) has been identified as a receptor involved in Abeta-induced neuronal dysfunction. We investigated the role of neuronal RAGE in(More)
The disruption of the nerve growth factor (NGF) gene in transgenic mice leads to a lethal phenotype (Crowley et al., 1994) and hinders the study of NGF functions in the adult. In this study the phenotypic knockout of NGF in adult mice was achieved by expressing transgenic anti-NGF antibodies, under the control of the human cytomegalovirus promoter. In adult(More)
Neurotrophin nerve growth factor (NGF) has been suggested to be involved in age-related neurodegenerative diseases, but no transgenic model is currently available to study this concept. We have obtained transgenic mice expressing a neutralizing anti-NGF recombinant antibody, in which the levels of antibodies are three orders of magnitude higher in adult(More)
This study aims to understand the mechanisms of dendritic targeting of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and tyrosine kinase B (TrkB) mRNAs. We show that brief depolarizations are sufficient to induce accumulation of BDNF and TrkB mRNAs in dendrites of hippocampal neurons. Endogenous BDNF, secreted during the KCl stimulation, contributes(More)
Temperature variations are known to modulate aging and life-history traits in poikilotherms as different as worms, flies and fish. In invertebrates, temperature affects lifespan by modulating the slope of age-dependent acceleration in death rate, which is thought to reflect the rate of age-related damage accumulation. Here, we studied the effects of(More)
We have identified a class of tau fragments inducing apoptosis in different cellular contexts, including a human teratocarcinoma-derived cell line (NT2 cells) representing committed human neuronal precursors. We have found a transition point inside the tau molecule beyond which the fragments lose their ability to induce apoptosis. This transition point is(More)
This report describes a quick and versatile method to perform non-radioactive in situ hybridization in which none of the hybridization steps are performed under RNAse-free conditions. This study demonstrates that in situ hybridization can be performed without an RNAse-free environment provided that the concentration of RNAse introduced during the experiment(More)
1. In seventy-six penetrations through areas 17 and 18 of the cat, neurones were regularly sampled at intervals of 100 micrometers and preferred orientation, optimal spatial frequency and resolving power were determined for each neurone in response to drifting sinusoidal gratings. 2. As already shown for area 17, in tangential penetrations through area 18,(More)