Antonina Laurino

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IFN-alpha represents the treatment of choice in chronic hepatitis C. It acts directly on the cells infected by the virus and indirectly via the cytokine network. We studied the behavior of interleukin 6 (IL-6), a cytokine that is particularly active in the liver and considered an index of liver inflammation and necrosis, in order to evaluate the(More)
Interleukin 6 (IL-6) is a pleiotropic cytokine produced by a wide variety of lymphoid and nonlymphoid tissues. We studied the relationship between IL-6 and the liver in an attempt to elucidate this cytokine's role in hepatitis C-induced liver inflammation. We investigated the behavior of serum IL-6 in 25 patients with chronic hepatitis C (divided into three(More)
OBJECTIVE HLA antigens influence tumour growth and spreading, but the mechanism is still unclear. Increased serum levels of beta2-microglobulin (beta2MG) have been found in several chronic inflammatory and tumour diseases. The aim of the present study was to analyse the relationship between serum beta2MG levels and some markers of tumour progression, to(More)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a pleiotropic cytokine involved in numerous diseases but the correlation between liver fibrosis and IL-6 role is not clear. We studied IL-6 levels in 50 HCVAb+ patients with liver cirrhosis (grouped into A, B and C, Child classes) and in 27 healthy control subjects. IL-6 serum levels were significantly increased in the former (p <(More)
Cytokines can play a crucial role in defending the organism from viral infections. One of these, interferon gamma (IFN-gamma), possesses marked immunomodulating activity. As cell immunity seems to be involved in chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV), study of the events regulated by IFN-gamma may be useful in evaluating the host's immunological response. We(More)
Chronic hepatitis is often associated with neuropsychiatric disorders. Interferon (IFN) is the drug most widely used to treat this disease, and its side effects, such as depression, often involve the central nervous system (CNS). Symptoms include a slowing down of psychomotor functions, loss of interest, frontal lobe dysfunction, parkinsonism, and delirium.(More)
The sense of taste was studied in a group of 20 centenarians from Eastern Sicily, displaying a mini mental state examination (MMSE) score higher than 19. Control subjects were 20 adult (mean age 27.7 +/- 3.2 years) and 20 elderly subjects (mean age 71.3 +/- 5.5 years). Although it has been revealed that centenarians retain considerably the capacity to(More)
Castleman's disease is a rare lymph node pathology characterized by angiofollicular hyperplasia. There are two forms of the disease: localized and systemic, with different features, symptoms and prognosis. Three are the histological types of disease: plasma cell, hyaline-vascular and mixed variants. We report the case of a 65-year-old female affected by(More)
Malignant ano-rectal melanoma is a rare pathology without characteristic symptoms. It is more frequent in females than in males (ratio 2:1) and represents 3-15% of anal canal tumours. A case of a woman who recently came to us complaining of painful defecation, tenesmus and rectal bleeding induced us to reconsider the diagnostic and therapeutic implications(More)
Active chronic hepatitis may be associated with various immunologic diseases. In the Mediterranean area and to a lesser extent elsewhere, hepatitis C virus, has often been detected in patients affected by mixed cryoglobulinemia, membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, polyarteritis nodosa autoimmune type 2b hepatitis, Hashimoto's disease, Sjögren's(More)