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Receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) have been implicated as therapeutic targets for the treatment of human diseases including cancers, inflammatory diseases, cardiovascular diseases including arterial restenosis, and fibrotic diseases of the lung, liver, and kidney. Three classes of 3-substituted indolin-2-ones containing propionic acid functionality attached(More)
Recent studies have indicated that the development of cyclin-dependent kinase (cdk)2 inhibitors that deregulate E2F are a plausible pharmacological strategy for novel antineoplastic agents. We show here that 3-[1-(3H-Imidazol-4-yl)-meth-(Z)-ylidene]-5-methoxy-1,3-dihydro-indol-2-one (SU9516), a novel 3-substituted indolinone compound, binds to and(More)
A single-site modification of paclitaxel analogs at the C10 position on the baccatin III core that reduces interaction with P-glycoprotein in bovine brain microvessel endothelial cells is described. Modification and derivatization of the C10 position were carried out using a substrate controlled hydride addition to a key C9 and C10 diketone intermediate.(More)
A recently described tumor-derived glycoprotein, designated 90K, has been shown to have positive effects on the generation of cytotoxic effector cells (NK/LAK) from human PBMC. To determine the mechanism of these effects, we have examined the effects of 90K on cytokine production by human PBMC. A culture of normal PBMC with 90K alone did not result in IL-2(More)
Based on microtubule (MT) disruption observed in primary neurons exposed to fibrillar amyloid peptides (A beta), we tested the potential protective effect of MT-stabilizing drugs such as Taxol against A beta-induced disruption of the cytoskeleton. Although Taxol was strongly protective, the fact that it does not cross the blood brain barrier (BBB) led us to(More)
The anaerobic protozoon Tritrichomonas foetus was found incapable of de novo purine synthesis by its failure to incorporate radiolabeled glycine or formate into the nucleotide pool. It had, on the other hand, high activities in incorporating adenine, hypoxanthine or inosine. Radiolabel pulse-chase experiments indicated that adenine, hypoxanthine and inosine(More)
The purpose of this work was to introduce a chemical modification into the paclitaxel (Taxol) structure to reduce interactions with the product of the multidrug resistant type 1 (MDR1) gene, P-glycoprotein (Pgp), resulting in improved blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability. Specifically, a taxane analogue, Tx-67, with a succinate group added at the C10(More)
Tritrichomonas foetus and Trichomonas vaginalis are both incapable of de novo purine nucleotide synthesis. Previous studies indicated that T. foetus relies mainly on the salvage of hypoxanthine and subsequent conversion of IMP to AMP and GMP, whereas T. vaginalis depends on direct conversions of exogenous adenosine to AMP and guanosine to GMP without much(More)
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) effectively prevents microtubule (MT)-stabilizing drugs from readily entering the central nervous system (CNS). A major limiting factor for microtubule-stabilizing drug permeation across the BBB is the active efflux back into the circulation by the overexpression of the multidrug-resistant gene product 1 (MDR1) or(More)
Five new asterriquinone analogs (2-4, 6, 7), together with previously identified neoasterriquinone (1) and isoasterriquinone (5), were isolated from a fermentation broth of the fungus Aspergillus candidus and purified by HSCCC (high speed counter current chromatography) followed by HPLC. The structures were determined by 1D and 2D NMR and MS/MS techniques.(More)