Learn More
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to assess the activity of pemetrexed in patients with advanced gastric cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS Thirty-eight eligible patients (median age 60 years) received pemetrexed 500 mg/m(2) every 3 weeks. Since toxicity was considerable in the first six patients, the protocol was amended to supplement subsequent patients(More)
BACKGROUND Tumour marker measurement gives clinicians useful information for the follow-up and management of patients with neuroendocrine tumours (NETs). The currently used tumour markers for NETs are neuron-specific enolase (NSE) and chromogranin A (CgA). The clinical accuracy of these biomarkers depends on histotype and disease extent. CgA is thought to(More)
Letrozole is an orally competitive aromatase inhibitor. This double-blind, randomised, multicentre trial was carried out to evaluate the endocrine effects of two doses of letrozole, 0.5 mg versus 2.5 mg orally daily, in postmenopausal advanced breast cancer patients progressing after tamoxifen. The pharmacokinetics of letrozole was also assessed. 46(More)
AIMS AND BACKGROUND Kit protein expression seems to be associated with a poor outcome in cancer patients and may be an important target for new anticancer drugs. We examined by immunohistochemistry the presence of Kit protein in neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) to explore its relationship with histological grade and proliferation index. PATIENTS AND METHODS(More)
The ability of breast tumours to synthesize hormones is well recognized, and local production of sex steroids is thought to play a role in breast cancer growth. We measured the intratumour and circulating levels of testosterone, dihydrotestosterone (DHT) and oestradiol in 35 histologically confirmed carcinomatous mammary tissues obtained at breast surgery(More)
BACKGROUND Chromogranin A (CgA), neuron specific enolase (NSE), carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), and urinary 5-hydroxyindole-3-acetic acid (5-HIAA) are the markers currently used in the diagnosis, prognosis, and follow-up of patients with neuroendocrine tumors (NETs). The authors examined the role of such biomarkers in a large series of patients with NETs.(More)
Osteoprotegerin (OPG) is a potent antiresorptive molecule that binds NF-kappaB ligand, the final effector for osteoclastogenesis. OPG production is regulated by a number of cytokines and hormones. Osteopontin (OPN) is a secreted adhesive glycoprotein involved in tumour angiogenesis, and also a non-collagenous protein involved in bone turnover. OPN serum(More)
The aim of this trial was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of oxaliplatin and capecitabine (XELOX) in neuroendocrine tumours’ (NETs) treatment. Forty patients (pts) with advanced NETs were treated. Of these, 13 had untreated poorly differentiated NETs, 27 had well-differentiated NETs in progression after somatostatin analogues. Patients received(More)
BACKGROUND To study the short-term biological effect of anastrozole on serum estrogens, androgens, 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17OH-PGR), gonadotrophins, sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) and bone metabolism markers. MATERIALS AND METHODS Thirty-four consecutive patients with advanced breast cancer received anastrozole 1 mg/day. Blood samples were taken(More)
BACKGROUND The RET proto-oncogene encodes a receptor tyrosine kinase. RET oncogenes arise through sporadic and inherited gene mutations and are involved in the etiopathogenesis of medullary thyroid carcinoma, a cancer that responds poorly to conventional chemotherapy. Medullary thyroid carcinoma is a component of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 or MEN2(More)