Antonia Maria Pedrini

Learn More
In most cases, xeroderma pigmentosum group D (XP-D) and trichothiodystrophy (TTD) patients carry mutations in the carboxy-terminal domain of the evolutionarily conserved helicase XPD, which is one of the subunits of the transcription/repair factor TFIIH (Refs 1,2). In this study, we demonstrate that XPD interacts specifically with p44, another subunit of(More)
Xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) C is involved in the recognition of a variety of bulky DNA-distorting lesions in nucleotide excision repair. Here, we show that XPC plays an unexpected and multifaceted role in cell protection from oxidative DNA damage. XP-C primary keratinocytes and fibroblasts are hypersensitive to the killing effects of DNA-oxidizing agents and(More)
Cockayne syndrome (CS) is a rare genetic disease characterized by severe growth, mental retardation and pronounced cachexia. CS is most frequently due to mutations in either of two genes, CSB and CSA. Evidence for a role of CSB protein in the repair of oxidative DNA damage has been provided recently. Here, we show that CSA is also involved in the response(More)
Trichothiodystrophy (TTD) is a rare hereditary multisystem disorder associated with defects in nucleotide excision repair (NER) as a consequence of mutations in XPD, XPB or TTDA, three genes that are all related to TFIIH, the multiprotein complex involved in NER and transcription. Here we show that all the mutations found in TTD cases, irrespective of(More)
DNA topoisomerases have been proposed as the proteins involved in the formation of the DNA-protein cross-links detected after ultraviolet light (UV) irradiation of cellular DNA. This possibility has been investigated by studying the effects of UV-induced DNA damage on human DNA topoisomerase I action. UV lesions impaired the enzyme's ability to relax(More)
DNA secondary and tertiary structures are known to affect the reaction between the double helix and several damaging agents. We have previously shown that the tertiary structure of DNA influences the reactivity of 4-acetoxyaminoquinoline 1-oxide (Ac-4-HAQO), the ultimate carcinogen of 4-nitroquinoline 1-oxide (4-NQO), being more reactive with naturally(More)
We report here the different ways in which four subunits of the basal transcription/repair factor TFIIH (XPB, XPD, p62 and p44) and the damage recognition XPC repair protein can enter the nucleus. We examined their nuclear localization by transiently expressing the gene products tagged with the enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) in transfected 3T3(More)
It has been recently found that, contrary to prior belief, norfloxacin, a member of the 4-quinolone family of antibacterial drugs that specifically inhibit DNA gyrase, does not bind to the enzyme but instead to DNA. We have performed DNA unwinding experiments in order to decide whether binding of norfloxacin to DNA introduces changes in its supercoiled(More)
Fibroblasts derived from patients with diseases affecting DNA repair processes, such as Xeroderma Pigmentosum (classical and variant), Fanconi's anemia, Bloom's syndrome, Ataxia Telangiectasica, Progeria and Werner's syndrome, were assayed for the three DNA polymerases. The specific activities of these enzymes were found within the limits observed in normal(More)
The effect of DNA tertiary structure on in vitro modification by 4-acetoxy-aminoquinoline-1-oxide (Ac-4-HAQO) was investigated. The reactivity of pAT153 plasmid DNA depended on the conformational state of the molecule: it progressively decreased according to the decrease of the superhelical tension, being negatively supercoiled DNA about two times more(More)