Increasing evidence indicates that chronic inflammatory and immune responses play key roles in the development and progression of COPD. Recent data provide evidence for a role in the NLRP3 inflammasome in the airway inflammation observed in COPD. Cigarette smoke activates innate immune cells by triggering pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) to release… (More)
BACKGROUND Respiratory symptoms are usually underestimated in patients with chronic kidney disease undergoing maintenance hemodialysis. Therefore, we set out to investigate the prevalence of patients chronic dyspnea and the relationship of the symptom to lung function indices. METHODS Twenty-five clinically stable hemodialysis patients were included. The… (More)
Detecting and treating active and latent tuberculosis are pivotal elements for effective infection control; yet, due to their significant inherent limitations, the diagnostic means for these two stages of tuberculosis (TB) to date remain suboptimal. This paper reviews the current diagnostic tools for mycobacterial infection and focuses on the application of… (More)
We hypothesized that severe COPD patients who present with the disadvantageous phenomenon of Expiratory Flow Limitation (EFL) may benefit as COPD patients without EFL do after implementation of a Pulmonary Rehabilitation (PR) program. Forty-two stable COPD patients were studied at rest and during exercise. EFL and dynamic hyperinflation (DH) were documented… (More)
Clostridium subterminale is a Clostridium species that has been rarely isolated in the blood of immunocompromised patients. We report a case of C. subterminale septicemia in an immunocompetent patient who presented with acute mediastinitis following spontaneous esophageal rupture.
INTRODUCTION A choriocarcinoma is a malignant neoplasm normally arising in the gestational trophoblast, gonads and, less frequently, the retroperitoneum, mediastinum and pineal gland. Primary choriocarcinomas of the renal pelvis are extremely rare. CASE PRESENTATION We report a case of primary choriocarcinoma of the renal pelvis in a 38-year-old Greek… (More)
BACKGROUND Postoperative intracranial haemorrhage can be a dramatic event, carrying significant morbidity and mortality. Bleeding at sites remote from the operation area represents a small percentage of haemorrhages whose aetiology remains unclear (Harders et al. Acta Neurochir (Wien) 74(1-2):57-60, 1985). AIM We present the case of a 60-year-old patient… (More)