Antonia Anogeianaki

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The aim of the study was to investigate age-related changes in electrogustometry (EGM) thresholds, in morphology and density of the fungiform papillae (fPap) and in vessels' shape and density at the tip of the human tongue.In 156 nonsmokers (74 males, 82 females; age range: 10-80 years), divided in age groups, EGM thresholds at the chorda tympani area, at(More)
Interleukin 12 (IL 12) p35/p40 is a heterodimeric cytokine which plays a critical role in inflammation, immunity and tissue proliferation, and also plays a relevant function in T helper (Th) cell polarization and Th1 T-cell differentiation. IL-12 family members, IL-12p70, IL-23, IL-27 and IL-35, play an important role in influencing helper T-cell(More)
A high level of cholesterol is associated with obesity, cardiovascular diseases and atherosclerosis. Immune response in atherosclerosis is mediated by chemokines which attract monocytes, leading to the innate immune response characterised by the production of cytokines. The immunoregulatory cytokines are an important bridge between innate and adductive(More)
Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory disease due to a diet high in saturated fat, hypercholesterolemia, obesity, hypoglycemia, etc. mainly mediated by the infiltration of macrophage and T cells into the vascular wall. Once the endothelial is damaged monocytes penetrate the tissue and are transformed in scavenger cells. Upon stimulation of Th1 cells, a group(More)
The NF-kappaΒ pathway gene expression profiles were compared between 10, 20 and 39 days after Trichinella spiralis experimental infection in BALB/c mice. Out of 128 genes, 19 (14.8%) genes were present in non-infected and post-infected mice. The expression of 7 (36.8%) genes was downregulated 10 and 20 days post-infection while 3 (15.8%) genes were(More)
Cytokines are important proteins that modulate immunity and inflammation. Vitamins are also involved in immunity and inflammation. They are found to restore the ability of some cells to produce certain cytokines. Vitamin deficiency appears to affect the mechanism of immune cells, though the impact of reduced cytokine response in vitamin malnutrition is not(More)
Chemokines are small proteins (8-12 kD polypeptides) secreted by the cells of innate and adaptive immunity that mediate many of the functions of these cells, including recruitment of other cells. They are classified into families: CC, CXC and CX3C. CXC chemoattract mainly on neutrophils and CC act mainly on monocytes, eosinophils and mast cells. Mast cells(More)
Much evidence suggests a cross-talking between nerve fibers and the immunity system. The immunomodulation by substance P includes cell activation and proliferation of human cells, with cytokine and chemokine generation and release. Substance P was first isolated by Leeman et al. as an undecapeptide with important neurotransmitter-neuromodulator effects. In(More)
Interleukins IL-1beta, IL-6 and TNF are increased in plasma of patients with severe infections and septic shock. Our objective was the evaluation of IL-1beta, IL-6 and TNF in plasma and exudates of pleural fluid and their contribution to the diagnosis. We studied 44 patients, 27 men and 17 women with mean age 66.81 +/- 11.75 years; 16 with pneumonia and(More)
The immune system is a highly complex, intricately regulated group of cells whose integrated function is essential to health. The mast cell inflammatory response is characterized by an early phase with massive discharge of mediators stored in cytoplasmic secretory granules. Through multigranular/compound exocytosis and a late phase that involves generation(More)