Antoni Torres

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It is difficult to determine the impact of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in Europe, because precise data are scarce. Mortality attributable to CAP varies widely between European countries and with the site of patient management. This review analysed the clinical and economic burden, aetiology and resistance patterns of CAP in European adults. All(More)
The higher plant Arabidopsis thaliana (Arabidopsis) is an important model for identifying plant genes and determining their function. To assist biological investigations and to define chromosome structure, a coordinated effort to sequence the Arabidopsis genome was initiated in late 1996. Here we report one of the first milestones of this project, the(More)
We prospectively evaluated the relation of upper airway, lower airway, and gastric colonization patterns with the development of pneumonia and its etiology in 48 patients with surgical (n = 25) and medical (n = 23) head injury. Initial colonization was assessed by cultures of nasal and pharyngeal swabs, tracheobronchial aspirates, gastric juice, and(More)
Over a period of 4 consecutive yr, 92 nonimmunosuppressed patients (21 women and 71 men aged 53 +/- 16 yr, means = SD) with critical acute respiratory failure (PaO2/FiO2, 209 +/- 9 mm Hg) caused by severe community-acquired pneumonia were admitted to the respiratory intensive care unit (RICU) of a general hospital. The most frequent underlying clinical(More)
BACKGROUND Risk factors for nosocomial pneumonia, such as gastro-oesophageal reflux and subsequent aspiration, can be reduced by semirecumbent body position in intensive-care patients. The objective of this study was to assess whether the incidence of nosocomial pneumonia can also be reduced by this measure. METHODS This trial was stopped after the(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate, using statistical methods, the usefulness of the binaural multiple frequency auditory steady state responses (MF SSRs) for objective, frequency-specific audiometry in a large sample of hearing-impaired children and normal-hearing subjects. DESIGN The MF SSRs were recorded in a sample of 43 hearing-impaired children (86 ears) and 40(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the etiology of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and the impact of age, comorbidity, and severity on microbial etiologies of such pneumonia. Overall, 395 consecutive patients with CAP were studied prospectively during a 15-mo period. Regular microbial investigation included examination of sputum, blood culture, and(More)
This document is an update of Guidelines published in 2005 and now includes scientific publications through to May 2010. It provides evidence-based recommendations for the most common management questions occurring in routine clinical practice in the management of adult patients with LRTI. Topics include management outside hospital, management inside(More)
The effect of bacterial colonization of the bronchi on the progress of airflow limitation is not well known. Therefore, the pattern of airway inflammation in smokers and patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and its relation to bronchial microbial colonization was assessed. Eight nonsmoking and 18 smoking controls as well as 52(More)