Antoni Salvá

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BACKGROUND The Mini-Nutritional Assessment (MNA) is a validated assessment instrument for nutritional problems, but its length limits its usefulness for screening. We sought to develop a screening version of this instrument, the MNA-SF, that retains good diagnostic accuracy. METHODS We reanalyzed data from France that were used to develop the original MNA(More)
INTRODUCTION The use of a simple, safe, and easy to perform assessment tool, like gait speed, to evaluate vulnerability to adverse outcomes in community-dwelling older people is appealing, but its predictive capacity is still questioned. The present manuscript summarises the conclusions of an expert panel in the domain of physical performance measures and(More)
The Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) is a simple tool, useful in clinical practice to measure nutritional status in elderly persons. From its validation in 1994, the MNA has been used in hundreds of studies and translated into more then 20 languages. It is a well-validated tool, with high sensitivity, specificity, and reliability. An MNA score > or = 24(More)
BACKGROUND Weight loss is a common problem in patients with Alzheimer's Disease (AD). It is a predictive factor of mortality and it decreases patients' and caregivers' quality of life. OBJECTIVE To determine if a nutritional education program can prevent weight loss in AD patients. SUBJECTS 151 AD patients and their caregivers were enrolled to follow(More)
OBJECTIVE To conduct a systematic review to determine the efficacy of exercise-based interventions on improving performance-based measures of physical function and markers of physical frailty in community-dwelling, frail older people. DATA SOURCES Comprehensive bibliographic searches in MEDLINE, the Cochrane Library, PEDro, and CINAHL databases were(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the effectiveness of health and nutrition program (NutriAlz) versus usual care on functional level in elderly people with dementia living at home, as well as on clinical practice related to nutrition and on the caregiver's burden. DESIGN Cluster randomized multi-centre study with one-year follow-up. SETTING 11 Alzheimer outpatients(More)
OBJECTIVES To measure the reliability of the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) in institutionalized elderly people. DESIGN 12 day interobserver reliability study. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING All subjects admitted to two long term geriatric units in Mataró (Barcelona, Spain) over 4 months during 1996 (n=67). MEASUREMENTS in each center, different trained(More)
This paper aims to define the role of the primary care physician (PCP) in the management of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and to propose a model for a work plan. The proposals in this position paper stem from a collaborative work of experts involved in the care of AD patients. It combines evidence from a literature review and expert's opinions who met in Paris,(More)
A workshop charged with identifying the main clinical concerns and quality of care issues within nursing homes was convened by the International Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics, with input from the World Health Organization. The workshop met in Toulouse, France, during June 2010. Drawing on the latest evidence and mindful of the international(More)
The clinical progression of Alzheimer disease (AD) was studied in European subjects under treatment with AChE inhibitors (AChE-I) in relation to geographical location over a 2-years period. One thousand three hundred and six subjects from 11 European countries were clustered into 3 regions (North, South, West) and investigated with biannual follow-up over 2(More)