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BACKGROUND Recent studies of ancestral maize populations indicate that linkage disequilibrium tends to dissipate rapidly, sometimes within 100 bp. We set out to examine the linkage disequilibrium and diversity in maize elite inbred lines, which have been subject to population bottlenecks and intense selection by breeders. Such population events are expected(More)
Endo-(1,4)-β-glucanase (cellulase) glycosyl hydrolase GH9 enzymes have been implicated in several aspects of cell wall metabolism in higher plants, including cellulose biosynthesis and degradation, modification of other wall polysaccharides that contain contiguous (1,4)-β-glucosyl residues, and wall loosening during cell elongation. The(More)
A wheat genomic library was screened with two synthetic oligonucleotides (24 and 25 bases in length) complementary to a partial cDNA clone encoding a glutenin gene [Thompson et al. (1983) Theor. Appl. Genet. 67, 87-96]. Glutenins are large molecular weight aggregated proteins of grain endosperm, and major determinants of bread making quality of wheat. Of(More)
Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are the most frequent form of DNA variation and disease-causing mutations in many genes. Due to their abundance and slow mutation rate within generations, they are thought to be the next generation of genetic markers that can be used in a myriad of important biological, genetic, pharmacological, and medical(More)
The expression pattern of 1,529 yeast genes in response to sulfometuron methyl (SM) was analyzed by DNA microarray technology. SM, a potent herbicide, inhibits acetolactate synthase, a branched-chain amino acid biosynthetic enzyme. Exposure of yeast cells to 0.2 microg/ml SM resulted in 40% growth inhibition, a Gcn4p-mediated induction of genes involved in(More)
BACKGROUND Plant height is an important agronomic trait that affects yield and tolerance to certain abiotic stresses. Understanding the genetic control of plant height is important for elucidating the regulation of maize development and has practical implications for trait improvement in plant breeding. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS In this study, two(More)
The UGA suppressor tRNA produced by Schizosaccharomyces pombe strain sup3-e was purified to homogeneity. It can be aminoacylated with a serine by a crude aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase preparation from S. pombe cells. By combining post-labeling fingerprinting and gel sequencing methods the nucleotide sequence of this tRNA was determined to be:(More)
Cellulose is a fundamentally important component of cell walls of higher plants. It provides a scaffold that allows the development and growth of the plant to occur in an ordered fashion. Cellulose also provides mechanical strength, which is crucial for both normal development and to enable the plant to withstand both abiotic and biotic stresses. We(More)
We found metabolites, enzyme activities and enzyme transcript abundances vary significantly across the maize lifecycle, but weak correlation exists between the three groups. We identified putative genes regulating nitrate assimilation. Progress in improving nitrogen (N) use efficiency (NUE) of crop plants has been hampered by the complexity of the N uptake(More)
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