Antoni Gamundi

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We investigate the problems that might arise when two recently developed methods for detecting interdependencies between time series using state space embedding are applied to signals of different complexity. With this aim, these methods were used to assess the interdependencies between two electroencephalographic channels from 10 adult human subjects(More)
The question of whether the finite values of the correlation dimension (D2), used as an index of EEG complexity are due to its chaotic nature or they reflect its behaviour as linearly-correlated noise, remains open. This report aims at clarifying this by measuring D2 and analysing the non-linear nature of EEG through the method of surrogate data as well as(More)
Pilocarpine is a cholinergic agonist capable to induce seizures and an epilepticus-like state in rodents. This status epilepticus (SE) is an useful animal model to study the development and understanding of the neuropathology, behavioural and electroencephalographic alterations of human temporal lobe epilepsy. It has been suggested a relationship between SE(More)
Interhemispheric differences in the EEG of nine healthy right-handed human subjects (C3 vs. C4 derivations) were investigated during resting wake with closed eyes (CE) and sleep stages I, II, III, IV and REM. The harmonic power spectral density within the EEG main spectral bands, the fractal (Dr) and the correlation (D2) dimension as well as the largest(More)
Fibromyalgia is a common chronic pain condition that exerts a considerable impact on patients' daily activities and quality of life. Objectives: The main objective of the present study was to evaluate kinematic parameters of gait, functional performance, and balance in women with fibromyalgia syndrome. Methods: The study included 26 female patients with(More)
A sensitive (up to nanogram level) method for resolving a cannabinoid mixture in plasma is described. Cannabinoids were extracted with a C-18 Sep Pak cartridge and derivatized with dansylchloride. Then the derivatives were resolved on thin layer HPTLC silica plates which were developed and quantified by fluorescence densitometry at 340 nm.
Thus far, most hypotheses on the evolutionary origin of sleep only addressed the probable origin of its main states, REM and NREM. Our article presents the origin of the whole continuum of mammalian vigilance states including waking, sleep and hibernation and the causes of the alternation NREM-REM in a sleeping episode. We propose: (1) the active state of(More)
Electroencephalogram (EEG) from dorsal cortex of lizard Gallotia galloti was analyzed at different temperatures to test the presence of fractal or nonlinear structure during open (OE) and closed eyes (CE), with the aim of comparing these results with those reported for human slow-wave sleep (SWS). Two nonlinear parameters characterizing EEG complexity(More)
The cause of sleep is a complex question, which needs first, a clear distinction amongst the different meanings of a causal relationship in the study of a given behavior, second, the requisites to be met by a suggested cause, and third, a precise definition of sleep to distinguish behavioral from polygraphic sleep. This review aims at clarifying the meaning(More)
Cholinergic and gabaergic systems play an important role generating electroencephalographic activity and regulating vigilance states. Pilocarpine is a cholinergic agonist commonly used to induce seizures and an epilepticus-like state in rodents. A relationship between status epilepticus and reactive oxygen species has been also suggested which could result(More)