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The question of whether the finite values of the correlation dimension (D2), used as an index of EEG complexity are due to its chaotic nature or they reflect its behaviour as linearly-correlated noise, remains open. This report aims at clarifying this by measuring D2 and analysing the non-linear nature of EEG through the method of surrogate data as well as(More)
Electroencephalogram (EEG) from dorsal cortex of lizard Gallotia galloti was analyzed at different temperatures to test the presence of fractal or nonlinear structure during open (OE) and closed eyes (CE), with the aim of comparing these results with those reported for human slow-wave sleep (SWS). Two nonlinear parameters characterizing EEG complexity(More)
We investigate the problems that might arise when two recently developed methods for detecting interdependencies between time series using state space embedding are applied to signals of different complexity. With this aim, these methods were used to assess the interdependencies between two electroencephalographic channels from 10 adult human subjects(More)
It has been suggested that theta rhythm gates the flow of information between the hippocampus and cortex during memory processes. The cholinergic system plays an important role in regulating vigilance states and in generating theta rhythm. This study aims to analyse the effects of the muscarinic agonist pilocarpine (120 and 360 microg, i.c.v.) on(More)
Interhemispheric differences in the EEG of nine healthy right-handed human subjects (C3 vs. C4 derivations) were investigated during resting wake with closed eyes (CE) and sleep stages I, II, III, IV and REM. The harmonic power spectral density within the EEG main spectral bands, the fractal (Dr) and the correlation (D2) dimension as well as the largest(More)
Changes in sleep state and night-time body temperature were studied in 13 healthy young men. Temperature data showed serial dependence that was removed when considering three main segments of the thermogram: an initial rapid drop between 60 and 140 min after lights off, followed by a slower decrease to the thermal minimum and a final temperature increase(More)
The electroencephalogram (EEG) from both hemispheres of eight Canary lizards Gallotia galloti was registered at 25 degrees C and 35 degrees C during awake state with open eyes (OE) and closed eyes. The possible interdependence between the recorded EEGs was assessed by means of newly developed methods of multivariate nonlinear time-series analysis. The(More)
This commentary is referred to the review signed by Rattemborg [N.C. Rattenborg, Evolution of slow wave sleep and palliopallial connectivity in mammals and birds. A hypothesis. Brain Res. Bull. 69 (2006) 20-29]. We propose that the review missed important aspects in relation to the characteristics of sleep in poikilotherm vertebrates and in the evolution of(More)
The phenomenological evidence for distinguishing between REM and NREM sleep is overwhelming. However, this difference has only been found thanks to electrophysiological analytical methods, and is practically non existent in phenotypic terms, i.e., observable with the naked eye. It is well accepted that the selective pressure determining evolutionary changes(More)
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