Antoni Benabarre

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OBJECTIVE Cognitive impairment in bipolar disorder may be a stable characteristic of the illness, although discrepancies have emerged with regard to what dysfunctions remain during remission periods. The aim of this study was to ascertain whether euthymic bipolar patients would show impairment in verbal learning and memory and in executive functions(More)
BACKGROUND The long-term efficacy of psychological interventions for bipolar disorders has not been tested. AIMS This study assessed the efficacy of group psychoeducation to prevent recurrences and to reduce time spent ill for people with bipolar disorders. METHOD A randomised controlled trial with masked outcome assessment comparing group(More)
Viability, efficacy against Penicillium expansum on Golden Delicious apples, and storage stability of freeze-dried Candida sake strain CPA-1 were studied. The effect of several protective agents and rehydration media was investigated in the freeze drying of C. sake. Skimmed milk at 10% concentration was a good rehydration medium for all protectants tested.(More)
The effects of freezing method, freeze drying process, and the use of protective agents on the viability of the biocontrol yeast Candida sake were studied. Freezing at -20 degrees C was the best method to preserve the viability of C. sake cells after freeze drying using 10% skim milk as a protectant (28.9% survival). Liquid nitrogen freezing caused the(More)
OBJECTIVES To ascertain the clinical implications of psychiatric comorbidity in the course and outcome of bipolar I patients. METHODS One hundred and twenty-nine bipolar I outpatients in remission [Young Mania Rating Scale (Y-MRS) < 7, Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) < 9] were assessed by means of the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-III-R(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have reported that differences in cognitive performance between schizophrenic and bipolar patients seem to be smaller than expected. Patients with schizophrenia have consistently shown frontal executive dysfunctions, but studies regarding executive abilities in bipolar patients are scarce and discrepant. As executive function has(More)
BACKGROUND Noncompliance with medication is a very common feature among bipolar patients. Rates of poor compliance may reach 64% for bipolar disorders, and noncompliance is the most frequent cause of recurrence. Knowledge of the clinical factors associated with noncompliance would enhance clinical management and the design of strategies to achieve a better(More)
BACKGROUND Environmental stress has an important role in the course of bipolar disorder. Some findings have shown that family beliefs about the illness could predict family burden, and this burden could influence the outcome of bipolar disorder. To the best of our knowledge, there is scant information about the effects of family intervention on the(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the impact of tobacco, alcohol and cannabis on metabolic profile and cardiovascular risk in bipolar patients. METHOD Naturalistic, cross-sectional, multicenter Spanish study. Current use of tobacco, alcohol and cannabis was determined based on patient self-reports. Metabolic syndrome was defined using the National Health and(More)
OBJECTIVE Little is known regarding the impact of psychotic symptoms on the cognitive functioning of bipolar patients. Findings from previous reports are controversial and mainly focused on current psychotic symptoms. The main aim of this study was to ascertain whether the history of psychotic symptoms was associated with greater cognitive impairment in(More)