Antonella Stroppolo

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In this study, a comparative analysis of metal-related neuronal vulnerability was performed in two brainstem nuclei, the locus coeruleus (LC) and substantia nigra (SN), known targets of the etiological noxae in Parkinson's disease and related disorders. LC and SN pars compacta neurons both degenerate in Parkinson's disease and other Parkinsonisms; however,(More)
Nine areas of the brain were studied by electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy and total reflection X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy to measure paramagnetic metal ions, free radicals (neuromelanin), and total metal content. We also determined the extent of accumulation of metal ions by melanins incubated in homogenates of a region of the brain(More)
The binding of iron by melanin is a potentially important phenomenon as detailed knowledge of this binding is essential for understanding the role of melanin and iron in the pathogenesis of oxidative damage in the substantia nigra. Electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy is one of the most useful approaches in the investigation of melanins and their(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) regulates several properties of striatal dopaminoceptive medium-sized spiny neurons (MSNs) in vivo and in vitro, including expression levels of DARPP-32 (dopamine and cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate-regulated phosphoprotein, 32 kDa). DARPP-32 is expressed in 96% of the MSNs, and is a key modulator of dopamine(More)
Adenylyl cyclase activity was measured in the striatum of naive mice as a function of age and in mice exposed in utero to cocaine. In naive Swiss-Webster mice, basal and forskolin-stimulated adenylyl cyclase activity increased gradually from embryonic day 13 (E13) until 2-3 weeks of age when activity peaked before decreasing slightly to adult levels. The(More)
Gender differences exist in the development of the nigrostriatal dopamine system, and in the incidence and course of pediatric and adult neuropsychiatric diseases in which this system is implicated. The medium size spiny neuron (MSN) is the major output neuron of the caudate nucleus. It receives a large dopaminergic input from the substantia nigra, and 96%(More)
X-ray absorption fine-structure spectroscopy is used to study the local environment of the iron site in natural (human) neuromelanin extracted from substantia nigra tissue and in various synthetic neuromelanins. All the materials show Fe centered in a nearest neighbor sixfold (distorted) oxygen octahedron; the Fe-O distances, while slightly different in the(More)
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