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In 6-hydroxydopamine-lesioned rats, the selective mGlu(5) receptor agonist (RS)-2-Cholro-5-Hydroxyphenylglycine (CHPG, 1-6 microg/10 microl intracerebroventricularly) significantly inhibited contralateral turning induced by quinpirole and, to a lesser extent, that induced by SKF 38393. The inhibitory effects of CHPG on quinpirole-induced turning were(More)
This study was designed to test whether chronic treatment with the metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGlu5R) antagonist MPEP showed antiparkinsonian effects in rats unilaterally lesioned with 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) (a "classic" model of Parkinson's disease, PD), and to evaluate whether chronic MPEP influenced the functional properties and/or the(More)
The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether, and by means of which mechanisms, the adenosine A2A receptor antagonist SCH 58261 [5-amino-7-(2-phenylethyl)-2-(2-furyl)-pyrazolo[4,3-e]-1,2,4-triazolo[1,5-c]pyrimidine] exerted neuroprotective effects in a rat model of Huntington's disease. In a first set of experiments, SCH 58261 (0.01 and 1 mg/kg) was(More)
The ability of CB(1) receptors to regulate the release of glutamate in the striatum, together with the finding that, in experimental models of Huntington disease (HD), both endocannabinoid levels and CB(1) receptor densities are reduced, has prompted the investigation on the neuroprotective role of the cannabinoids in HD. Quinolinic acid (QA) is an(More)
The aim of this work was to investigate the potential neuroprotective effects of the metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGlu5R) antagonist 2-Methyl-6-(phenylethynyl)-pyridine (MPEP) towards quinolinic acid (QA)-induced striatal excitoxicity. Intrastriatal MPEP (5 nmol/0.5 micro L) significantly attenuated the body weight loss, the electroencephalographic(More)
The motor effects of selective adenosine A1 and A2A receptor antagonists were tested in young (2 months) and aged (24 months) Wistar rats. In young rats, both the selective A2A receptor antagonist 5-amino-7-(2-phenylethyl)-2-2(2-furyl)-pyrazolo[4,3-e]-1,2,4-triazo++ + lo[1,5-c]pyrimidine (SCH 58261, minimal effective dose 2 mg/kg intraperitoneally (i.p.))(More)
Adenosine A1 receptors antagonistically and specifically modulate the binding and functional characteristics of dopamine D1 receptors. In the striatum this interaction seems to take place in the GABAergic strionigro-strioentopeduncular neurons, where both receptors are colocalized. D1 receptors in the strionigro-strioentopeduncular neurons are involved in(More)
Because an increased glutamate outflow is thought to play a crucial role in triggering excitotoxic neuronal death, drugs able to regulate glutamate release could be effective for the management of neurodegenerative diseases. In this article, the authors discuss the hypothesis that adenosine A2A receptor antagonists (A2A antagonists) may belong to the(More)
The intrastriatal perfusion of the selective metabotropic glutamate (mGlu)5 receptor agonist (RS)-2-chloro-5-hydroxy-phenylglycine (CHPG, 1000 microM) significantly increased (approximately + 100%, p < 0.05) glutamate extracellular levels with respect to basal values. The potentiating effect of CHPG was prevented by the selective mGlu5 receptor antagonist(More)
Early phases of Parkinson's disease (PD) are characterized by a mild reduction of dopamine (DA) in striatum and by emergence of psychiatric disturbances that precede overt motor symptoms. In order to characterize the neurochemical re-arrangements induced by such striatal impairment, we used a mouse model in which a low dose of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) was(More)