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In 6-hydroxydopamine-lesioned rats, the selective mGlu(5) receptor agonist (RS)-2-Cholro-5-Hydroxyphenylglycine (CHPG, 1-6 microg/10 microl intracerebroventricularly) significantly inhibited contralateral turning induced by quinpirole and, to a lesser extent, that induced by SKF 38393. The inhibitory effects of CHPG on quinpirole-induced turning were(More)
This study was designed to test whether chronic treatment with the metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGlu5R) antagonist MPEP showed antiparkinsonian effects in rats unilaterally lesioned with 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) (a "classic" model of Parkinson's disease, PD), and to evaluate whether chronic MPEP influenced the functional properties and/or the(More)
The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether, and by means of which mechanisms, the adenosine A2A receptor antagonist SCH 58261 [5-amino-7-(2-phenylethyl)-2-(2-furyl)-pyrazolo[4,3-e]-1,2,4-triazolo[1,5-c]pyrimidine] exerted neuroprotective effects in a rat model of Huntington's disease. In a first set of experiments, SCH 58261 (0.01 and 1 mg/kg) was(More)
The ability of CB(1) receptors to regulate the release of glutamate in the striatum, together with the finding that, in experimental models of Huntington disease (HD), both endocannabinoid levels and CB(1) receptor densities are reduced, has prompted the investigation on the neuroprotective role of the cannabinoids in HD. Quinolinic acid (QA) is an(More)
The motor effects of selective adenosine A1 and A2A receptor antagonists were tested in young (2 months) and aged (24 months) Wistar rats. In young rats, both the selective A2A receptor antagonist 5-amino-7-(2-phenylethyl)-2-2(2-furyl)-pyrazolo[4,3-e]-1,2,4-triazo++ + lo[1,5-c]pyrimidine (SCH 58261, minimal effective dose 2 mg/kg intraperitoneally (i.p.))(More)
The aim of this work was to investigate the potential neuroprotective effects of the metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGlu5R) antagonist 2-Methyl-6-(phenylethynyl)-pyridine (MPEP) towards quinolinic acid (QA)-induced striatal excitoxicity. Intrastriatal MPEP (5 nmol/0.5 micro L) significantly attenuated the body weight loss, the electroencephalographic(More)
Adenosine A1 receptors antagonistically and specifically modulate the binding and functional characteristics of dopamine D1 receptors. In the striatum this interaction seems to take place in the GABAergic strionigro-strioentopeduncular neurons, where both receptors are colocalized. D1 receptors in the strionigro-strioentopeduncular neurons are involved in(More)
The involvement of adenosine A(1) and A(2A) receptors in the motor effects of caffeine is still a matter of debate. In the present study, counteraction of the motor-depressant effects of the selective A(1) receptor agonist CPA and the A(2A) receptor agonist CGS 21680 by caffeine, the selective A(1) receptor antagonist CPT, and the A(2A) receptor antagonist(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the possible neuroprotective effects of thymosin beta(4) in different models of excitotoxicity. The application of thymosin beta(4) significantly attenuated glutamate-induced toxicity both in primary cultures of cortical neurons and in rat hippocampal slices. In in vivo experiments, the intracerebroventricular(More)
Phencyclidine (PCP), a drug inducing schizophrenia-like symptoms in humans, is reported to be a non-competitive antagonist at the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) subtype of excitatory amino acid receptors. In rats, PCP produces three dose-dependent stages of EEG patterns: 1) increase of cortical desynchronization duration; 2) increase of the amplitude of the(More)