Antonella Monticelli

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Friedreich's ataxia (FRDA) is an autosomal recessive, degenerative disease that involves the central and peripheral nervous systems and the heart. A gene, X25, was identified in the critical region for the FRDA locus on chromosome 9q13. This gene encodes a 210-amino acid protein, frataxin, that has homologs in distant species such as Caenorhabditis elegans(More)
CONTEXT Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) plays a pivotal role in the pathophysiology of suicidal behavior and BDNF levels are decreased in the brain and plasma of suicide subjects. So far, the mechanisms leading to downregulation of BDNF expression are poorly understood. OBJECTIVES To test the hypothesis that alterations of DNA methylation could(More)
Hereditary spastic paraplegia is a genetically and phenotypically heterogeneous disorder. Both pure and complicated forms have been described, with autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive, and X-linked inheritance. Various loci (SPG1-SPG6) associated with this disorder have been mapped. Here, we report linkage analysis of a large consanguineous family(More)
OBJECTIVE Friedreich's ataxia patients are homozygous for expanded alleles of a GAA triplet-repeat sequence in the FXN gene. Patients develop progressive ataxia due to primary neurodegeneration involving the dorsal root ganglia (DRGs). The selective neurodegeneration is due to the sensitivity of DRGs to frataxin deficiency; however, the progressive nature(More)
The most common mutation causing Friedreich ataxia (FRDA), an autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disease, is the hyperexpansion of a polymorphic GAA triplet repeat localized within an Alu sequence (GAA-Alu) in the first intron of the frataxin (X25) gene. GAA-Alu belongs to the AluSx subfamily and contains several polymorphisms in strong linkage(More)
F riedreich’s ataxia, an autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorder, is the most common hereditary ataxia among white people. The disease is characterised by gait and limb ataxia, dysarthria, absent tendon reflexes, Babinski’s sign, impairment of position and vibratory senses, scoliosis, and pes cavus. Cardiac manifestations are prominent in some cases.(More)
By analysis of crossovers in key recombinant families and by homozygosity analysis of inbred families, the Friedreich ataxia (FRDA) locus was localized in a 300-kb interval between the X104 gene and the microsatellite marker FR8 (D9S888). By homology searches of the sequence databases, we identified X104 as the human tight junction protein ZO-2 gene. We(More)
Pretreatment with octreotide (OCT) in acromegaly has been reported to improve surgical outcome. The objective of this study was to analyze retrospectively the effects of a 3- to 6-month presurgical treatment with OCT in acromegalics focusing on electrocardiographic (ECG) records, blood pressure levels, glucose and lipid profile, tumor size and consistency,(More)
It is widely accepted that Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) and other complex diseases are the product of complex interplay between genetic susceptibility and environmental causes. To cope with such a complexity, all the statistical and conceptual strategies available should be used. The working hypothesis of this study was that two well-known T2DM risk(More)
We describe two sisters with early onset gait ataxia, rapid disease progression, absent or very mild dysarthria and upper limb dysmetria, retained knee jerks in one, slight to moderate peripheral nerve involvement, and diabetes. Molecular analysis showed that they are compound heterozygotes for GAA expansion and a novel exon 5a missense mutation (R165P).(More)