Antonella Gemma

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In order to characterize the neuropsychologic profile of patients with hypoxic-hypercapnic chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), the performance of 36 patients with COPD 69 +/- 10 yr of age (mean +/- SD) on 19 tests exploring eight cognitive domains was compared with those of 29 normal adults (69 +/- 7 yr of age), 20 normal elderly adults (78 +/- 2(More)
The objective was to identify predictors of cognitive decline in patients with hypoxaemic COPD on continuous oxygen therapy. Eighty-four consecutive ambulatory hypoxaemic COPD patients in stable clinical conditions were prospectively studied over the course of 2 yr. Baseline multidimensional assessment included respiratory function tests, blood gas(More)
BACKGROUND Myotonic dystrophy (DM) is a genetic multisystemic disease with muscular, endocrine, ocular, cardiac and cognitive impairment. The molecular basis of the disease has been identified in an unstable base triplet (CTG)n repeat located in the 3' untranslated region of the miotonin protein-kinase (MT-PK) gene on the long arm of chromosome 19.(More)
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a recognized cause of cognitive dysfunction. By using a cross-sectional comparative study, we aimed to verify whether neuropsychological performance of untreated OSA patients conforms to a distinctive pattern. Forty-nine newly diagnosed, untreated OSA patients, 27 with multi-infarctual dementia (MID), 31 with mild to(More)
In order to assess incidence and prognostic implications of post-operative electrolyte disorders for elderly patients, 180 patients aged 79.5 +/- 6.8 years, range 70-96 years, admitted to a geriatric-orthopaedic liaison service were prospectively followed from admission to discharge or death. The association of age, basic medical conditions, type of(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the predictive power of comorbidity and of the interaction between age and comorbidity in geriatric patients with acute medical illness. DESIGN Prospective observational study. SETTING Medical and geriatric wards of an acute-care hospital. SUBJECTS Three hundred and seventy patients over 70 years of age consecutively admitted in an(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Identification of mechanisms accounting for verbal memory impairment in patients with severe COPD; assessing the relationship between verbal memory and the overall cognitive performance; verifying if verbal memory impairment affects medication adherence. DESIGN Case-comparison study. SETTING Outpatient Departments of Pneumology and(More)
The aim of this study was to assess whether assigning a geriatrician to provide daily medical care to geriatric patients in the orthopedic ward can improve the prognosis and reduce the length of stay. Time series analysis was performed in two parts: 1) prospective analysis of two years' workload, and 2) retrospective analysis of data collected over the 4(More)
Three-hundred-eight geriatric patients (mean age = 76.7 yr, range = 70-94 yr) consecutively admitted to an acute care general hospital were followed up to identify the predictors of in-hospital mortality and long stay. Sociodemographic, medical, and functional data were collected within 24 hours from admission and their correlation with the outcomes(More)