Antonella Gagliardi

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INTRODUCTION In this study we investigated the effects of the Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane conductance Regulator (CFTR) gene variants on the composition of faecal microbiota, in patients affected by Cystic Fibrosis (CF). CFTR mutations (F508del is the most common) lead to a decreased secretion of chloride/water, and to mucus sticky secretions, in pancreas,(More)
INTRODUCTION Members of the human intestinal microbiota are key players in maintaining human health. Alterations in the composition of gut microbial community (dysbiosis) have been linked with important human diseases. Understanding the underlying processes that control community structure, including the bacterial interactions within the microbiota itself,(More)
Cystic fibrosis (CF) patients have chronic airway infection and frequent exposure to antibiotics, which often leads to the emergence of resistant organisms. Achromobacter xylosoxidans is a new emergent pathogen in CF spectrum. From 2005 to 2010 we had an outbreak in A. xylosoxidans prevalence in our CF center, thus, the present study was aimed at deeply(More)
Conventional treatment of symptomatic essential thrombocythemia (ET) consists of long-term administration of myelosuppressive cytotoxic agents which, although efficacious in most cases, are associated with leukemogenic potential. Alpha-interferon (IFN) exerts a dose-dependent inhibitory influence on thrombopoiesis through a direct antiproliferative effect(More)
We treated 32 patients with Ph1-negative chronic myeloproliferative disorders (CMD) with excessive thrombocytosis with Interferon alpha-2b (IFN alpha-2b): 26 had essential thrombocythaemia, ET (18 previously untreated, eight pretreated); one thrombocythaemia after treatment for Hodgkin's disease (HD); two thrombocythaemia associated with non-Hodgkin's(More)
Escherichia coli is assumed to be involved in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) by many authors. The present Short Report was aimed at analyzing E. coli population isolated from ileal samples collected from 4 CD and 3 non-CD (control group) diagnosed pediatric patients. A total of 539 mucosa-associated E. coli strains were characterized by: Random Amplified(More)
Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus is a predator bacterial species found in the environment and within the human gut, able to attack Gram-negative prey. Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a genetic disease which usually presents lung colonization by Pseudomonas aeruginosa or Staphylococcus aureus biofilms. Here, we investigated the predatory behavior of B. bacteriovorus(More)
The microbial ecosystem of the gastrointestinal tract is characterized by a great number of microbial species living in balance by adopting mutualistic strategies. The eubiosis/dysbiosis condition of the gut microbiota strongly influences our healthy and disease status. This review briefly describes microbiota composition and functions, to then focus on(More)
In 40 patients with bacterial bronchopulmonary complications during polychemotherapy for advanced bronchogenic carcinoma, once-daily netilmicin (4.5 mg/kg every 24 h) brought about complete resolution of the infective process in 90% of the cases and eradication of the responsible pathogen in 82%. This result must be considered good in view of the patients'(More)