Antonella Diamanti

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Intestinal failure (IF) is defined as the reduction of functional gut mass necessary to maintain health and growth in children. Causes of IF include short bowel syndrome (SBS), neuromuscular intestinal disorders (NID), and severe protracted diarrhea (SPD). If patients require long-term parenteral nutrition (PN); they can now be discharged on home PN (HPN),(More)
PURPOSE Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a common chronic disorder characterized by severe malnutrition and psychological disturbances. Parenteral nutrition (PN) is not usually used in nutritional rehabilitation of AN. The aim of our study was to retrospectively evaluate the indications, clinical efficacy, and safety of PN as assessed by short- and long-term(More)
BACKGROUND Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are characterized by periods of remission with recurrent episodes of symptom exacerbation because of acute intestinal inflammation, which is correctly evaluated by endoscopy with biopsy sampling. However, many surrogate markers of intestinal inflammation, including fecal calprotectin (FC), are detected as(More)
BACKGROUND Some reports highlight the potential application of fecal calprotectin as a direct biomarker of intestinal inflammation and, therefore, as support in choosing candidates for endoscopy. The value of 100 μg/g was recently assumed as the best cutoff for this assay. The purpose of this study was to assess the diagnostic precision of the fecal(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Parenteral nutrition (PN) is the primary treatment for intestinal failure, which is considered irreversible in patients who remain partially or fully dependent on PN. Causes of irreversible intestinal failure are short bowel syndrome (SBS), motility disorders (MD), and severe protracted diarrhea (SPD). The aim of this study was to report(More)
OBJECTIVE Several studies have demonstrated that chronic exposure to gluten may damage the structure and function of the gastric mucosa in gluten-sensitive patients. However, until now, these abnormalities have been incompletely studied. Our purpose in the present study was to characterize, in a prospective controlled study, the endoscopic and histological(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS To assess prevalence of bone mineral density (BMD) reduction and relationship between bone mineral status and anthropometric assessment, nutritional intake and physical activity in adolescents with early anorexia nervosa (AN). METHODS Fifty-seven consecutive AN patients and 57 healthy controls underwent anthropometric status, bone(More)
BACKGROUND Necrotizing colitis (NC) represents a severe, although rare, complication in patients with anorexia nervosa. OBJECTIVE We report the only case of NC with good prognosis in a severely malnourished AN patient. METHOD Available patient records, imaging, and biochemical data were evaluated. DISCUSSION This case represents an unusual(More)
BACKGROUND Thyroid autoimmunity (TA) is often associated with coeliac disease (CD). OBJECTIVE To evaluate, in children and adolescents with CD on a gluten-free diet (GFD): (1) the prevalence of TA; (2) the impact of TA on growth and the need for L-thyroxine (L-T4) treatment, during a longitudinal survey. METHOD Between January and December 2005, 545(More)
OBJECTIVES Our goal was to evaluate the possible correspondence between antitissue transglutaminase of immunoglobulin A class levels and stage of mucosal damage in patients affected by celiac disease. In addition, we assessed clinical use of antitissue transglutaminase values to predict biopsy results. METHODS One thousand eight hundred eighty-six(More)