Antonella Cusimano

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Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common liver cancer, accounting for 90% of primary liver cancers. In the last decade it has become one of the most frequently occurring tumors worldwide and is also considered to be the most lethal of the cancer systems, accounting for approximately one third of all malignancies. Although the clinical diagnosis and(More)
Episodic ataxia type 1 (EA1) is a Shaker-like channelopathy characterized by continuous myokymia and attacks of imbalance with jerking movements of the head, arms, and legs. Although altered expression and gating properties of Kv1.1 channels underlie EA1, several disease-causing mechanisms remain poorly understood. It is likely that Kv1.1, Kv1.4, and(More)
We tested the novel NF-kappaB inhibitor dehydroxymethylepoxyquinomicin (DHMEQ) in the hepatic cancer (HCC) HepG2, HA22T/VGH and HuH-6 cells. The sensitivity to the cell growth inhibitory and apoptotic effects of the agent increased along with the levels of constitutively activated NF-kappaB, which were low in HepG2 and higher in HA22T/VGH and HuH-6. In(More)
Episodic ataxia type-1 (EA1) is a human neurological syndrome characterized by attacks of generalized ataxia and by continuous myokymia that has been associated with point mutations in the voltage-gated potassium channel gene KCNA1. Although important advancement has been made in understanding the molecular pathophysiology of EA1, several disease-causing(More)
Sorafenib, a multikinase inhibitor, recently received FDA approval for the treatment of advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, as the clinical application of sorafenib evolves, there is increasing interest in defining the mechanisms underlying its anti-tumor activity. Considering that this specific inhibitor could target unexpected molecules(More)
Molecular targeted therapy has shown promise as a treatment for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Celecoxib (Celebrex®) exhibits antitumor effects in human HCC cells, and its mechanism of action is mediated either by its ability to inhibit cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) or by a number of various other COX-2 independent effects. Proteasome inhibitors (PIs)(More)
We studied the human HL60 leukemia cell line and its multidrug resistant (MDR) variant HL60R. In contrast to the HL60, HL60R showed an inability to undergo apoptosis from doxorubicin (Dox) or other different stimuli, including cisplatin, Fas ligation and serum withdrawal. HL60R cells lost surface Fas expression, but we found no evidence that Fas/FasL(More)
The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of nonselective (indomethacin) and selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors (NS-398, nimesulide, and CAY10404) on cell growth, cell cycle distribution, and apoptosis in three human hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines (HepG2, HuH-6, and HA22T/VGH) with different characteristics of differentiation(More)
The molecular mechanisms behind the anti-neoplastic effects of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are not completely understood and cannot be explained by the inhibition of the cyclooxygenase (COX) enzymes COX-1 and COX-2 alone. We previously reported that both the selective COX-1 inhibitor SC-560 and the selective COX-2 inhibitor CAY10404(More)
Celecoxib (Celebrex((R)), Pfizer) is a selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor with chemopreventive and antitumor effects. However, it is now well known that celecoxib has several COX-2-independent activities. To better understand COX-2-independent molecular mechanisms underlying the antitumor activity of celecoxib, we investigated the expression(More)