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BACKGROUND A comprehensive characterisation of grey and white matter changes in progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), the second most common extrapyramidal syndrome after Parkinson disease, is still not available. OBJECTIVE To evaluate grey and white matter changes in mild PSP patients by voxel based morphometry (VBM) and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI),(More)
Action naming has been reported to be disproportionately impaired in comparison to object naming in patients with frontotemporal dementia (FTD). This finding has been attributed to the crucial role of frontal cortex in action naming. The investigation of object and action naming in the different subtypes of FTD, as well as in the related conditions of(More)
It has been recently demonstrated that the 43-kDa transactive response (TAR)-DNA-binding protein (TARDBP) is the neuropathological hallmark of Frontotemporal Dementia (FTD) with ubiquitin-positive and tau-negative inclusions. Large series of FTD patients without motor neuron disease have been previously analysed, but no TARDBP mutation was identified. The(More)
BACKGROUND Corticobasal syndrome (CBS) has a heterogeneous neuropathological spectrum, ranging from the classical corticobasal degeneration to Alzheimer's disease (AD). The neuropathology of CBS is still unpredictable. CSF tau/abeta ratio is a reliable marker of AD. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the presence of a distinct clinical and neuroimaging CBS phenotype(More)
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) tau ratio decrease (33kDa/55kDa forms) and mid-saggital midbrain-to-pons (MP) atrophy have been suggested as diagnostic markers for progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). The usefulness of their combined evaluation has never been tested. We evaluated the CSF tau ratio and the MP atrophy as a combined marker for early identification(More)
Frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) recognises high familial incidence, with up to 50% of patients reported to have a family history of similar dementia. It has been reported that mutations within progranulin (PGRN) gene are a major cause of FTLD in the USA and worldwide, counting for 5-10% of FTLD and for 20-25% of familiar FTLD cases. The aim of the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Progressive non-fluent aphasia (PNFA) is a neurodegenerative disorder that is characterized by non-fluent speech with naming impairment and grammatical errors. It has been recently demonstrated that repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) over the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) improves action naming in healthy(More)
Tauopathies, such as Alzheimer's disease, some cases of frontotemporal dementia, corticobasal degeneration and progressive supranuclear palsy, are characterized by aggregates of the microtubule-associated protein tau, which are linked to neuronal death and disease development and can be caused by mutations in the MAPT gene. Six tau isoforms are present in(More)
The objective was to evaluate the construct validity of the Italian version of the Frontal Behavioural Inventory (FBI) and its usefulness in the differential diagnosis of dementias. Standard criteria were used in the clinical diagnosis of dementias in 83 patients and 33 agematched healthy volunteers. The FBI scale was translated from English into Italian(More)
CST3 is the coding gene for cystatin C (CysC). CST3 B/B homozygosity is associated with an increased risk of developing Alzheimer disease. We performed CysC analysis on human primary skin fibroblasts obtained from donors carrying A/A, A/B, and B/B CST3. Pulse-chase experiments demonstrated that the release of the B variant of CysC has a different temporal(More)