Antonella Antignani

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Immunotoxins are antibody-toxin bifunctional molecules that rely on intracellular toxin action to kill target cells. Target specificity is determined via the binding attributes of the chosen antibody. Mostly, but not exclusively, immunotoxins are purpose-built to kill cancer cells as part of novel treatment approaches. Other applications for immunotoxins(More)
Bcl-2 family members, like the structurally similar translocation domain of diphtheria toxin, can form ion-selective channels and larger-diameter pores in artificial lipid bilayers. Recent studies show how Bcl-2 family members change topology in membranes during apoptosis and that these different states may either promote or inhibit apoptosis. Binding of(More)
Psychrobacter sp. TAD1 is a psychrotolerant bacterium from Antarctic frozen continental water that grows from 2 to 25 degrees C with optimal growth rate at 20 degrees C. The new isolate contains two glutamate dehydrogenases (GDH), differing in their cofactor specificities, subunit sizes and arrangements, and thermal properties. NADP+-dependent GDH is a(More)
Urinary red blood cells (RBC) are usually small and morphologically abnormal in glomerular (GN) hematuria, and slightly enlarged and morphologically normal in nonglomerular (NG) hematuria. This study was performed to evaluate the diagnostic value of urinary red cell size and morphology and to investigate the mechanism of the alteration in cell size. In 34(More)
Endophilins participate in membrane scission events that occur during endocytosis and intracellular organelle biogenesis through the combined activity of an N-terminal BAR domain that interacts with membranes and a C-terminal SH3 domain that mediates protein binding. Endophilin B1 (Endo B1) was identified to bind Bax, a Bcl-2 family member that promotes(More)
Deregulation of PI3K/Akt and Raf/Mek/Erk signal transduction cascades is one of the principal causes of neoplastic transformation. The inactivation of the proapoptotic protein Bad, upon phosphorylation by different kinases of these two pathways, may play an important role in different human malignancies. Therefore, we have expressed and purified a new(More)
Site-directed mutagenesis of human pancreatic RNase (HP-RNase) was used as a model system for investigating the genetic events underlying the evolutionary origins of protein oligomers. HP-RNase is a monomeric enzyme with no natural tendency to oligomerize (K(d) for any dimers in solution of >280 mM). Nevertheless, deletion of five amino acid residues in the(More)
A total of 204 patients treated by maintenance hemodialysis or continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) were studied to ascertain how advancing age influences adaptation to uremia therapy. No difference in Karnofsky score was noted among patients over 70 years of age and two groups of patients, 16 to 59, and 60 to 69 years of age, respectively. In a(More)
Serum biochemical measures suggestive of undernutrition have been reported to correlate with 1-yr mortality risk in prevalent groups of hemodialysis patients. The predictive power of these variables has not been reported in newly diagnosed patients or in patients whose dialysis prescription is guided by urea kinetics. The relationship of these predictors to(More)
Patients on maintenance hemodialysis (HD) and continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) exhibit numerous disturbances of serum lipids and apoproteins that may contribute to their high cardiovascular mortality. Cross-sectional studies have found that lipid levels are inversely related to time on dialysis. However, it is not known whether this(More)