Learn More
Bcl-2 family members, like the structurally similar translocation domain of diphtheria toxin, can form ion-selective channels and larger-diameter pores in artificial lipid bilayers. Recent studies show how Bcl-2 family members change topology in membranes during apoptosis and that these different states may either promote or inhibit apoptosis. Binding of(More)
Site-directed mutagenesis of human pancreatic RNase (HP-RNase) was used as a model system for investigating the genetic events underlying the evolutionary origins of protein oligomers. HP-RNase is a monomeric enzyme with no natural tendency to oligomerize (K(d) for any dimers in solution of >280 mM). Nevertheless, deletion of five amino acid residues in the(More)
Endophilins participate in membrane scission events that occur during endocytosis and intracellular organelle biogenesis through the combined activity of an N-terminal BAR domain that interacts with membranes and a C-terminal SH3 domain that mediates protein binding. Endophilin B1 (Endo B1) was identified to bind Bax, a Bcl-2 family member that promotes(More)
Bovine seminal RNase (BS-RNase) is a homodimeric enzyme with a cytotoxic activity selective for tumor cells. In this study, the relationships of its cytotoxic activity to its dimeric structure and its resistance to the cytosolic RNase inhibitor (cRI) are investigated systematically by site-directed mutagenesis. The results show that (1) the dimericity of(More)
Serum biochemical measures suggestive of undernutrition have been reported to correlate with 1-yr mortality risk in prevalent groups of hemodialysis patients. The predictive power of these variables has not been reported in newly diagnosed patients or in patients whose dialysis prescription is guided by urea kinetics. The relationship of these predictors to(More)
Patients on maintenance hemodialysis (HD) and continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) exhibit numerous disturbances of serum lipids and apoproteins that may contribute to their high cardiovascular mortality. Cross-sectional studies have found that lipid levels are inversely related to time on dialysis. However, it is not known whether this(More)
The Antarctic psychrotolerant bacterium Psychrobacter sp. TAD1 contains two distinct glutamate dehydrogenases (GDH), each specific for either NADP+ or NAD+. This feature is quite unusual in bacteria, which generally have a single GDH. NADP+-dependent GDH has been purified to homogeneity and the gene encoding GDH has been cloned and expressed. The enzyme has(More)
Pseudomonas exotoxin (PE)-based immunotoxins (antibody-toxin fusion proteins) have achieved frequent complete remissions in patients with hairy cell leukemia but far fewer objective responses in other cancers. To address possible mechanisms of resistance, we investigated immunotoxin activity in a model system using the colon cancer cell line, DLD1. Despite(More)
The in-situ lens-bound protein layer (LBPL) was characterized on hydrogels of varying water content and ionic-binding capacity. The LBPL proved to be critically dependent on the ionic binding capacity of a given hydrogel. On nonionic polymers the LBPL invariably was thin and largely insoluble. Histochemical staining allowed the detection of all major types(More)