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miR-18 belongs to the Oncomir-1 or miR-17~92 cluster that is intimately associated with the occurrence and progression of different types of cancer. However, the physiological roles of the Oncomir-1 cluster and its individual miRNAs are largely unknown. Here, we describe a novel function for miR-18 in mouse. We show that miR-18 directly targets heat shock(More)
The heat-shock response is characterized by the activation of heat-shock transcription factor 1 (HSF1), followed by increased expression of heat-shock proteins (Hsps). The stress-induced subnuclear compartmentalization of HSF1 into nuclear stress granules has been suggested to be an important control step in the regulation of stress response and cellular(More)
Retinoic acids and long-chain fatty acids are lipophilic agonists of nuclear receptors such as RXRs (retinoic X receptors) and PPARs (peroxisome-proliferator-activated receptors) respectively. These agonists are also ligands of intracellular lipid-binding proteins, which include FABPs (fatty acid-binding proteins). We reported previously that L(More)
Organisms respond to circumstances threatening the cellular protein homeostasis by activation of heat-shock transcription factors (HSFs), which play important roles in stress resistance, development, and longevity. Of the four HSFs in vertebrates (HSF1-4), HSF1 is activated by stress, whereas HSF2 lacks intrinsic stress responsiveness. The mechanism by(More)
Nuclear stress granules are subnuclear compartments that form in response to heat shock and other stress stimuli. Although many components of nuclear stress granules have been identified, including HSF1 and pre-mRNA processing factors, their function remains a mystery. A paper in this issue describes the stress-induced transcriptional activation of one of(More)
Abbreviations: HSF-heat shock factor Hsp-heat shock protein nSB – nuclear stress body Sat III – satellite III 2 Abstract Organisms respond to circumstances threatening the cellular protein homeostasis by activation of heat shock transcription factors (HSFs), which play important roles in stress resistance, development and longevity. Of the four HSFs in(More)
Nuclear stress granules are subnuclear compartments that form in response to heat shock and other stress stimuli. Although many components of nuclear stress granules have been identified, including HSF1 and pre-mRNA processing factors, their function remains a mystery. A paper in this issue describes the stress-induced transcriptional activation of one of(More)
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