Anton Pieter Bussink

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Two distinct chitinases have been identified in mammals: a phagocyte-specific enzyme named chitotriosidase and an acidic mammalian chitinase (AMCase) expressed in the lungs and gastrointestinal tract. Increased expression of both chitinases has been observed in different pathological conditions: chitotriosidase in lysosomal lipid storage disorders like(More)
Family 18 of glycosyl hydrolases encompasses chitinases and so-called chi-lectins lacking enzymatic activity due to amino acid substitutions in their active site. Both types of proteins widely occur in mammals although these organisms lack endogenous chitin. Their physiological function(s) as well as evolutionary relationships are still largely enigmatic.(More)
Chitotriosidase (CHIT1) is a chitinase that is secreted by activated macrophages. Plasma chitotriosidase activity reflects the presence of lipid-laden macrophages in patients with Gaucher disease. CHIT1 activity can be conveniently measured using fluorogenic 4-methylumbelliferyl (4MU)-chitotrioside or 4MU-chitobioside as the substrate, however,(More)
Mammalian pancreatic-type ribonucleases (RNases) 1 represent single-copy genes in the genome of most investigated mammalian species, including Mus musculus and other murid rodents. However, in six species belonging to the genus Rattus and closely related taxa, several paralogous gene products were identified by Southern blotting and PCR amplifications of(More)
UNLABELLED A biomarker is an analyte that indicates the presence of a biological process linked to the clinical manifestations and outcome of a particular disease. An ideal biomarker provides indirect but ongoing determinations of disease activity. In the case of lysosomal storage disorders (LSDs), metabolites or proteins specifically secreted by storage(More)
BACKGROUND  The 90-90-90 goal to achieve viral suppression in 90% of all human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected people on antiretroviral treatment (ART) is especially challenging in children. Global estimates of viral suppression among children in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are lacking. METHODS  We searched for randomized controlled(More)
Peracetylated N-alpha-azidoacetylmannosamine (Ac(4)ManNAz) is metabolized by cells to CMP-azidosialic acid. It has been demonstrated previously that in this way azidosialic acid-containing glycoproteins are formed that can be labeled on the cell surface by a modified Staudinger ligation. Here, we first demonstrate that the same procedure also results in the(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW CHI3L1 (also known as YKL-40), a member of "mammalian chitinase-like proteins," is a serum protein lacking enzymatic activity. Although the protein is highly conserved in mammals, a consensus regarding its role in human pathologies is currently lacking. In an attempt to shed light on the many physiological functions of the protein,(More)
Gaucher disease (GD) is the most common lysosomal storage disorder and is caused by inherited deficiencies of glucocerebrosidase, the enzyme responsible for the lysosomal breakdown of the lipid glucosylceramide. GD is characterized by the accumulation of pathological, lipid laden macrophages, so-called Gaucher cells. Following the development of enzyme(More)
Mammals express two active chitinases, chitotriosidase and AMCase. Only AMCase displays an extremely acidic pH optimum, consistent with its observed presence in the gastro-intestinal tract. A structural model of AMCase reveals the presence of a conserved histidine residue in the active site. Mutational analyses and molecular dynamics simulations show that(More)