Anton Hittmair

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Aberrant activation of the androgen receptor (AR) may be one of the mechanisms which contribute to progression of prostatic carcinoma to an androgen-independent stage. We investigated effects of growth factors on stimulation of the AR-mediated gene transcription in human prostatic tumor cell lines. DU-145 cells, which do not contain endogenous AR, were(More)
SummaryAdvanced prostate cancer is treated by androgen ablation and/or androgen receptor (AR) antagonists. In order to investigate the mechanisms relevant to the development of therapy-resistant tumours, we established a new tumour model which closely resembles the situation in patients who receive androgen ablation therapy. Androgen-sensitive LNCaP cells(More)
Structural changes of the androgen receptor (AR) may contribute to the development of resistance to endocrine therapy in prostatic carcinoma. We have isolated AR cDNA fragments from seven tumor specimens derived from patients with advanced metastatic prostatic tumors. In one specimen obtained from a patient who failed to respond to endocrine and cytotoxic(More)
This study correlates the histopathological classification of meningiomas with clinicopathological features of biological activity. A retrospective evaluation of 1799 surgical specimens of meningiomas from 1582 patients was made. The classic histopathological type, atypical meningiomas defined by increased cellularity and at least five mitotic figures in 10(More)
Nearly all primary prostatic carcinomas have been found to express the androgen receptor (AR) protein, which is the intracellular mediator of androgen action. To gain a better insight into the mechanisms of androgen independence of advanced prostatic carcinoma, it is important to know whether the AR is also present in metastases of androgen-independent(More)
BACKGROUND We investigated modulation of androgen receptor (AR) activity in prostatic tumor cells by luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH)-induced increase of the intracellular cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) level. METHODS AR transactivation activity was assessed in transiently transfected DU-145 and in LNCaP cells. RESULTS LHRH and cAMP(More)
Metallothioneins (MTs) are ubiquitous low-molecular-weight proteins with a high affinity for heavy metal ions such as zinc, copper and cadmium. MT over-expression has been associated with resistance against anticancer drugs. In the present study we investigated 86 cases (45 cases of tumour category pT1 and 41 of category pT2) of routinely fixed and(More)
Previous studies have indicated that in addition to other glycoprotein hormones, the pituitary gland produces small amounts of hCG beta, the classical pregnancy and tumor marker. At the gene transcription level, definitive proof for hCG beta messenger ribonucleic acid transcription was still lacking, largely due to the 90% homology to hLH beta at the DNA(More)
PURPOSE We investigated laparoscopic retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy after chemotherapy for stage IIB testicular carcinoma in terms of operative feasibility, overall morbidity and tumor control. MATERIALS AND METHODS Between February 1995 and April 1998, 24 patients underwent laparoscopic retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy following initial chemotherapy for(More)
Collecting duct carcinoma (CDC) is a rare variant of carcinoma of the kidney with aggressive behaviour. CDC arise from the epithelium of the ducts of Bellini in the distal nephron. A CDC in a 53-year old male patient is characterised both by cytogenetic analysis and comparative genomic hybridisation (CGH). The cytogenetic analysis shows a biclonal karyotype(More)