Anton E. Becker

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In isolated right atria of the rabbit heart, we studied the activation pattern within the sinus node, using the microelectrode technique. After the electrophysiological experiments, the preparations were subjected to a correlative morphological investigation, using light or electron microscopy. Different criteria for defining the dominant pacemaker were(More)
BACKGROUND There is accumulating data that acute coronary syndromes relate to recent onset activation of inflammation affecting atherosclerotic plaques. Increased blood levels of oxidized low density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) could play a role in these circumstances. METHODS AND RESULTS Ox-LDL levels were measured in 135 patients with acute myocardial(More)
In order to investigate the possibility of regional variation of ventricular structure, 25 normal postmortem human hearts were studied by inspection of cavity shape and subepicardial fibre orientation, by dissection, and by the histology of sections in two orthogonal planes. Ventricular architecture was complex. Inlet and outlet long axes were separated by(More)
BACKGROUND Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is an important angiogenic factor reported to induce migration and proliferation of endothelial cells, enhance vascular permeability, and modulate thrombogenicity. VEGF expression in cultured cells (smooth muscle cells, macrophages, endothelial cells) is controlled by growth factors and cytokines. Hence,(More)
BACKGROUND The study was designed to verify the concept of plaques "at risk" and whether inflammation could play a role in plaque rupture and thrombosis. METHODS AND RESULTS In 20 patients who had died of acute myocardial infarction, the thrombosed coronary artery was identified and the site of plaque rupture was traced in serial sections. The cellular(More)
The histologic changes that occur in the media of the normal aorta at various ages were studied in 100 normal aortas. These changes encompassed (1) cystic medial necrosis, defined as pooling of mucoid material; (2) elastin fragmentation, characterized by disruption of elastin lamellae; (3) fibrosis, defined as an increase in collagen at the expense of(More)
BACKGROUND Calcification is a common finding in human coronary arteries; however, the relationship between calcification patterns, plaque morphology, and patterns of remodeling of culprit lesions in a comparison of patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) and those with stable conditions has not been documented. METHODS AND RESULTS Preinterventional(More)
In this report we describe electrophysiologic and histologic findings in hearts and endocardially resected preparations from patients with sustained ventricular tachycardias in the chronic phase of myocardial infarction. We recorded simultaneously from 64 endocardial sites during tachycardia in 72 patients that were operated on for medically intractable(More)
BACKGROUND Catheter ablation procedures have revived interest in the detailed anatomy of the specialized atrioventricular (AV) septal junctional area. The compact AV node usually is considered to have a blunt posterior end. The objective of this study was to reconstruct the human compact AV node in relation to the landmarks of Koch's triangle, with emphasis(More)
BACKGROUND Experimental animal studies have shown that coronary stenting induces neointimal proliferation. However, the histopathological events after coronary stenting in humans have not been studied systematically. METHODS AND RESULTS We investigated 11 stented coronary arteries (9 Palmaz-Schatz stents, 1 Wiktor stent, and 1 ACS Multi-Link stent)(More)