Anton B Zyryanov

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Family I soluble pyrophosphatases (PPases) exhibit appreciable ATPase activity in the presence of a number of transition metal ions, but not the physiological cofactor Mg(2+). The results of the present study reveal a strong correlation between the catalytic efficiency of three family I PPases (from Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Escherichia coli and rat liver)(More)
Soluble inorganic pyrophosphatases (PPases) form two nonhomologous families, denoted I and II, that have similar active-site structures but different catalytic activities and metal cofactor specificities. Family II PPases, which are often found in pathogenic bacteria, are more active than family I PPases, and their best cofactor is Mn(2+) rather than(More)
Complex formation between Arsenazo III and Mn2+ and Co2+ at equilibrium has been investigated at pH 7.2, and the stoichiometry and stability of the complexes have been determined. The data indicate that Arsenazo III is suitable for determination of Mn2+ and Co2+ on the micromolar scale. The dissociation constants of the phosphate complexes of Mn2+ and Co2+(More)
Family II inorganic pyrophosphatases (PPases) constitute a new evolutionary group of PPases, with a different fold and mechanism than the common family I enzyme; they are related to the "DHH" family of phosphoesterases. Biochemical studies have shown that Mn(2+) and Co(2+) preferentially activate family II PPases; Mg(2+) partially activates; and Zn(2+) can(More)
Imidodiphosphate (the pyrophosphate analog containing a nitrogen atom in the bridge position instead of oxygen) is a potent inhibitor of family II pyrophosphatases from Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus gordonii (inhibition constant K i ≈ 10 µM), which is slowly hydrolyzed by these enzymes with a catalytic constant of ≈1 min−1. Diphosphonates with(More)
We report the first crystal structures of a family II pyrophosphatase complexed with a substrate analogue, imidodiphosphate (PNP). These provide new insights into the catalytic reaction mechanism of this enzyme family. We were able to capture the substrate complex both by fluoride inhibition and by site-directed mutagenesis providing complementary snapshots(More)
Family II pyrophosphatases (PPases), recently found in bacteria and archaebacteria, are Mn(2+)-containing metalloenzymes with two metal-binding subsites (M1 and M2) in the active site. These PPases can use a number of other divalent metal ions as the cofactor but are inactive with Zn(2+), which is known to be a good cofactor for family I PPases. We report(More)
Binding of pyrophosphate or two phosphate molecules to the pyrophosphatase (PPase) active site occurs at two subsites, P1 and P2. Mutations at P2 subsite residues (Y93F and K56R) caused a much greater decrease in phosphate binding affinity of yeast PPase in the presence of Mn(2+) or Co(2+) than mutations at P1 subsite residues (R78K and K193R). Phosphate(More)
The fluoride ion is a potent and specific inhibitor of cytoplasmic pyrophosphatase (PPase). Fluoride action on yeast PPase during PP(i) hydrolysis involves rapid and slow phases, the latter being only slowly reversible [Smirnova, I. N., and Baykov, A. A. (1983) Biokhimiya 48, 1643-1653]. A similar behavior is observed during yeast PPase catalyzed PP(i)(More)
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