Learn More
The aim of this work was to use bone anchored external markers to describe the kinematics of the tibia, fibula, talus, calcaneus, navicular, cuboid, medial cuneiform, first and fifth metatarsals during gait. Data were collected from six subjects. There was motion at all the joints studied. Movement between the talus and the tibia showed the expected(More)
This in vivo study presents information to assist in the understanding of metatarsal stress fracture etiology. The aims were (a) to provide a fundamental description of loading patterns of the second metatarsal (MTII) during barefoot walking, and (b) to investigate the hypothesis that MTII dorsal strain increases with fatigue and external carrying load.(More)
The aim was to compare kinematic data from an experimental foot model comprising four segments ((i) heel, (ii) navicular/cuboid (iii) medial forefoot, (iv) lateral forefoot), to the kinematics of the individual bones comprising each segment. The foot model was represented using two different marker attachment protocols: (a) markers attached directly to the(More)
BACKGROUND The absence of external landmarks on the talus has rendered the description of ankle and subtalar joint kinematics difficult. Abnormal motion at these joints has, however, been implied in the etiology of an array of lower extremity overuse injuries. METHODS Intracortical pins were inserted under local anesthesia in the tibia, talus, and(More)
BACKGROUND Glenohumeral displacements assessment would help to design shoulder prostheses with physiological arthrokinematics and to establish more biofidelic musculoskeletal models. Though displacements were documented during static tasks, there is little information on their 3D coupling with glenohumeral angle during dynamic tasks. Our objective was to(More)
An accurate kinematic description of the intrinsic articulations of the foot during running has not previously been presented, primarily due to methodological limitations. An invasive method based upon reflective marker arrays mounted on intracortical pins drilled into the bones was used in this study. Four male volunteers participated as subjects. Pins(More)
Functional units in the human foot provide a meaningful basis for subdivisions of the entire foot during gait analysis as well as justified simplifications of foot models. The present study aimed to identify such functional units during walking and slow running. An invasive method based upon reflective marker arrays mounted on intracortical pins was used to(More)
An in vitro experiment was designed to identify whether tensile force on different triceps surae components would result in nonhomogenous force distribution across the human Achilles tendon. Medial tendon forces were significantly higher than lateral (23.2 +/- 6.6%; P < or = 0.05) when only the gastrocnemius medialis was subjected to force. Lateral forces(More)
The introduction of the M90 boot with a more flexible outer sole to military recruits in Sweden was accompanied by an increase in second metatarsal stress fractures. This study compared the new boot with the previous, stiffer model. A combination of external plantar pressure measurement (two subjects) and an in vivo measurement of dorsal metatarsal strain(More)
Strains applied to bone can stimulate its development and adaptation. High strains and rates of strain are thought to be osteogenic, but the specific dose response relationship is not known. In vivo human strain measurements have been performed in the tibia to try to identify optimal bone strengthening exercises for this bone, but no measurements have been(More)