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The Birmingham hip resurfacing metal-on-metal arthroplasty was introduced in 1997 and has shown promising short- to mid-term results. We used radiostereophotogrammetric analysis (RSA) to study the stability of 20 resurfacing arthroplasties over a follow-up period of 24 months. Radiological examinations for RSA were performed immediately after surgery and at(More)
The early designs of hip resurfacing implants suffered high rates of early failure, making it impossible to obtain valuable mid-term radiostereophotogrammetric (RSA) results. The metal-on-metal Birmingham Hip Resurfacing arthroplasty has shown promising mid-term results and we present here the first mid-term RSA analysis of a hip resurfacing implant. The(More)
BACKGROUND The absence of external landmarks on the talus has rendered the description of ankle and subtalar joint kinematics difficult. Abnormal motion at these joints has, however, been implied in the etiology of an array of lower extremity overuse injuries. METHODS Intracortical pins were inserted under local anesthesia in the tibia, talus, and(More)
An in vitro experiment was designed to identify whether tensile force on different triceps surae components would result in nonhomogenous force distribution across the human Achilles tendon. Medial tendon forces were significantly higher than lateral (23.2 +/- 6.6%; P < or = 0.05) when only the gastrocnemius medialis was subjected to force. Lateral forces(More)
Functional units in the human foot provide a meaningful basis for subdivisions of the entire foot during gait analysis as well as justified simplifications of foot models. The present study aimed to identify such functional units during walking and slow running. An invasive method based upon reflective marker arrays mounted on intracortical pins was used to(More)
BACKGROUND Glenohumeral displacements assessment would help to design shoulder prostheses with physiological arthrokinematics and to establish more biofidelic musculoskeletal models. Though displacements were documented during static tasks, there is little information on their 3D coupling with glenohumeral angle during dynamic tasks. Our objective was to(More)
We analysed the axis of movement in the normal elbow during flexion in vivo using radiostereometric analysis (RSA). The results show an intraindividual variation in the inclination of the axis ranging from 2.1 degrees to 14.3 degrees in the frontal and from 1.6 degrees to 9.8 degrees in the horizontal plane analysed at 30 degrees increments. The inclination(More)
The aim was to compare kinematic data from an experimental foot model comprising four segments ((i) heel, (ii) navicular/cuboid (iii) medial forefoot, (iv) lateral forefoot), to the kinematics of the individual bones comprising each segment. The foot model was represented using two different marker attachment protocols: (a) markers attached directly to the(More)
Bones of the ankle-joint complex are difficult to represent with superficial markers and an invasive approach is required to quantify skin movement artifact. Three-dimensional coordinates during gait were first calculated from sets of three superficial markers located on both the lower leg and heel. Intracortical pins equipped with external marker arrays(More)
An initial step in the understanding of Achilles tendon dynamics is to investigate the effects of passive motion, thereby minimising muscle activation and reducing internal joint forces. Internal tendon dynamics during passive ankle joint motion have direct implications for clinical rehabilitation protocols after Achilles tendon surgery. The aim of this(More)