Anton Arndt

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The aim was to compare kinematic data from an experimental foot model comprising four segments ((i) heel, (ii) navicular/cuboid (iii) medial forefoot, (iv) lateral forefoot), to the kinematics of the individual bones comprising each segment. The foot model was represented using two different marker attachment protocols: (a) markers attached directly to the(More)
The aim of this work was to use bone anchored external markers to describe the kinematics of the tibia, fibula, talus, calcaneus, navicular, cuboid, medial cuneiform, first and fifth metatarsals during gait. Data were collected from six subjects. There was motion at all the joints studied. Movement between the talus and the tibia showed the expected(More)
In the past 20 years, the use of ultrasound-based methods has become a standard approach to measure tendon mechanical properties in vivo. Yet the multitude of methodological approaches adopted by various research groups probably contribute to the large variability of reported values. The technique of obtaining and relating tendon deformation to tensile(More)
We analysed the axis of movement in the normal elbow during flexion in vivo using radiostereometric analysis (RSA). The results show an intraindividual variation in the inclination of the axis ranging from 2.1 degrees to 14.3 degrees in the frontal and from 1.6 degrees to 9.8 degrees in the horizontal plane analysed at 30 degrees increments. The inclination(More)
BACKGROUND A widespread and fundamental assumption in the health sciences is that muscle functions are related to a wide variety of conditions, for example pain, ischemic and neurological disorder, exercise and injury. It is therefore highly desirable to study musculoskeletal contributions in clinical applications such as the treatment of muscle injuries,(More)
BACKGROUND The absence of external landmarks on the talus has rendered the description of ankle and subtalar joint kinematics difficult. Abnormal motion at these joints has, however, been implied in the etiology of an array of lower extremity overuse injuries. METHODS Intracortical pins were inserted under local anesthesia in the tibia, talus, and(More)
Bones of the ankle-joint complex are difficult to represent with superficial markers and an invasive approach is required to quantify skin movement artifact. Three-dimensional coordinates during gait were first calculated from sets of three superficial markers located on both the lower leg and heel. Intracortical pins equipped with external marker arrays(More)
An accurate kinematic description of the intrinsic articulations of the foot during running has not previously been presented, primarily due to methodological limitations. An invasive method based upon reflective marker arrays mounted on intracortical pins drilled into the bones was used in this study. Four male volunteers participated as subjects. Pins(More)
This in vivo study presents information to assist in the understanding of metatarsal stress fracture etiology. The aims were (a) to provide a fundamental description of loading patterns of the second metatarsal (MTII) during barefoot walking, and (b) to investigate the hypothesis that MTII dorsal strain increases with fatigue and external carrying load.(More)
Functional units in the human foot provide a meaningful basis for subdivisions of the entire foot during gait analysis as well as justified simplifications of foot models. The present study aimed to identify such functional units during walking and slow running. An invasive method based upon reflective marker arrays mounted on intracortical pins was used to(More)