Learn More
A prospective, double-blind, randomized, controlled study was undertaken to compare the perioperative analgesic and recovery characteristics of equipotent doses of tramadol, pethidine and nalbuphine (3.0 mg kg-1, 1.5 mg kg-1 and 0.3 mg kg-1 respectively) with placebo (saline 0.02 ml kg-1) given at induction of anaesthesia in 152 ASA 1 children and young(More)
A study was undertaken to compare the size of tracheal tube used for paediatric anaesthesia derived from either the diameter of the distal phalanx of the little or index finger, or from a standard formula (age in years/4 + 4.5 mm). The results showed that the diameter of the terminal phalanx was a poor predictor of the external diameter of the tube that(More)
The usefulness of intra-operative antiemetics and postoperative oral fluid restriction in the prevention of vomiting following anaesthesia for ophthalmic surgery, was studied in 200 patients. They were allocated into four groups of 50 and given either saline (as control), droperidol, metoclopramide or prochlorperazine. Oral intake was restricted(More)
The efficacy of peribulbar anaesthesia performed with short, medium and long needles, with sub-Tenon's injection as a control, was audited. Two hundred patients undergoing cataract surgery underwent peribulbar injection using 25G needles of the following lengths: 15 mm, 25 mm or 37.5 mm. Sub-Tenon's injections were performed with a curved 25-mm sub-Tenon(More)
1. Vomiting and restlessness following ENT and eye surgery are undesirable, and may be related to the emetic and analgesic effects of any analgesic given to augment anaesthesia during surgery. 2. To rationalise the choice of analgesic for routine ENT surgery we examined the intraoperative, recovery and postoperative effects following the administration of(More)
Data related to the incidence of postoperative vomiting were collected during prospective studies on 607 ophthalmic surgical patients of all ages who underwent halothane anaesthesia with spontaneous ventilation. Analysis of data in respect of age, sex and surgical site variables, and time of onset of vomiting, identified a female sex-related vomiting(More)
During placement of needles for combined spinal-epidural anesthesia (CSEA), patients may experience pain, pressure, paresthesia, or discomfort during skin and deeper injection of local anesthetic, needle impingement on periosteum, dural puncture by the spinal needle, and insertion of the epidural catheter. We investigated the incidence of perception of and(More)
A study was conducted on 100 middle-aged to elderly patients (n = 52, healthy; n = 48, suffering from either diabetes, hypertension, ischaemic heart disease or a combination of these diseases) undergoing cataract extraction to assess the effects of laryngoscopy and tracheal intubation, anaesthesia and surgery, eye bandaging and tracheal extubation, saline(More)