Antoinette Monod

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1. It is not known to what extent the emptying of intracellular Ca2+ stores participates in the mediation of chemoattractant-induced Ca2+ influx in human neutrophils. To study this question, we compared the properties of bivalent-cation influx in response to the chemoattractant N-formyl-L-methionyl-L-leucyl-L-phenyl-alanine (f-MLP) and to the microsomal(More)
Cytosolic free calcium concentration, [Ca2+]i, and exocytosis of azurophil granules (beta-glucuronidase), specific granules (vitamin B12-binding protein), and secretory vesicles (gelatinase) were measured concomitantly in intact human neutrophils under steady state [Ca2+]i. The cells were loaded with the fluorescent calcium indicator quin2 in the presence(More)
The precise mechanisms leading to the emergence of low-level glycopeptide resistance in Staphylococcus aureus are poorly understood. In this study, we used whole genome deep sequencing to detect differences between two isogenic strains: a parental strain and a stable derivative selected stepwise for survival on 4 µg/ml teicoplanin, but which grows at higher(More)
The agr locus of Staphylococcus aureus is composed of two divergent transcripts (RNAII and RNAIII) driven by the P2 and P3 promoters. The P2-P3 intergenic region comprises the SarA/SarR binding sites and the four AgrA boxes to which AgrA binds. We reported here the role of AgrA, SarA, and SarR on agr P2 and P3 transcription. Using real-time reverse(More)
Aerolysin is a pore-forming toxin that plays a key role in the pathogenesis of Aeromonas hydrophila infections. In this study, we have analyzed the effect of aerolysin on human granulocytes (HL-60 cells). Proaerolysin could bind to these cells, was processed into active aerolysin, and led to membrane depolarization, indicating that granulocytes are(More)
Aerolysin is a pore-forming toxin that plays a key role in the pathogenesis of Aeromonas hydrophila infections. In this study, we have analyzed the effect of aerolysin on human granulocytes (HL-60 cells). Proaerolysin could bind to these cells, was processed into active aerolysin, and led to membrane depolarization, indicating that granulocytes are(More)
Two-component systems (TCS) based on a sensor histidine kinase and a phosphorylated cognate target regulator allow rapid responses to environmental changes. TCS are highly evolutionarily conserved, though in only a few cases are the inducing signals understood. This study focuses on the Escherichia coli CpxR response regulator that responds to periplasmic(More)
This study addresses the role of store-operated Ca2+ influx in the regulation of exocytosis in inflammatory cells. In HL-60 granulocytes, which do not possess voltage-operated Ca2+ channels, the chemotactic peptide fMet-Leu-Phe (fMLP) was able to stimulate store-operated Ca2+ influx and to trigger exocytosis of primary granules. An efficient triggering of(More)
Inositol trisphosphate (InsP3) production and cytosolic free Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) elevations induced by leukotriene B4 (LTB4)-receptor activation were studied in the human promyelocytic-leukaemia cell line HL60, induced to differentiate by retinoic acid. The myeloid-differentiated HL60 cells respond to LTB4 by raising their [Ca2+]i with a dose-response(More)