Antoine Sassine

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Large and equipotent doses of several local anesthetics were administered in a cardiac electrophysiologic model on closed-chest dogs. Five groups of pentobarbital-anesthetized dogs were each given intravenously 16 mg/kg lidocaine, 12 mg/kg mepivacaine, 4 mg/kg or 8 mg/kg etidocaine, and 4 mg/kg bupivacaine. Lidocaine induced bradycardia, slowing of(More)
BACKGROUND The sensory blockade induced by a lidocaine-bupivacaine mixture combines the faster onset of lidocaine and the longer duration of bupivacaine. The current study compared the effects of large doses lidocaine (16 mg/kg), bupivacaine (4 mg/kg), and a mixture of 16 mg/kg lidocaine-4 mg/kg bupivacaine on hemodynamic and cardiac electrophysiologic(More)
One case of penile verrucous carcinoma (Buschke-Löwenstein tumor) undergoing anaplastic transformation and containing human papillomavirus type 6 is presented. The viral genome is detected by in situ hybridization using biotin-labeled cDNA probes. The clinical, histological and virologic criteria of verrucous carcinoma are discussed in comparison to giant(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To determine the ventilatory effect of active compression-decompression CPR and to compare it with two other techniques, standard manual cardiac massage and mechanical cardiac massage. DESIGN Prospective, randomized laboratory investigation. PARTICIPANTS Mongrel dogs. INTERVENTIONS Nine adult mongrel dogs were anesthetized, intubated,(More)
UNLABELLED Ropivacaine is less potent and less toxic than bupivacaine. We administered these two local anesthetics in a cardiac electrophysiologic model of sodium thiopental-anesthetized and ventilated piglets. After assessing the stability of the model, bupivacaine (4 mg/kg) and ropivacaine (6 mg/kg) were given IV in two groups (n = 7) of piglets. No(More)
We have examined the ability of lemakalim to correct bupivacaine-induced cardiac electrophysiological impairment in an experimental electrophysiological model in closed-chest dogs. Two groups (n = 6) of pentobarbitone-anaesthetized dogs were given atropine 0.2 mg kg-1 i.v., and bupivacine 4 mg kg-1 i.v. over 10 s. Group 2 received also lemakalim 0.03 mg(More)
The intravascular administration and the high blood resorption of local anesthetic agents are known to induce neurotoxic accidents. However, the use of potent local anesthetic drugs such as bupivacaine is responsible for serious cardiotoxic accidents with a mortality of about 50%. Indeed, bupivacaine induces both electrophysiologic and haemodynamic(More)
This study was designed (a) to test and (b) to compare proarrhythmic effects of levcromakalim and nicorandil; and (c) determine the mechanism of arrhythmia initiation by using high-resolution ventricular epicardial mapping on 44 Langendorff-perfused rabbit hearts. Eighteen hearts were kept intact and received incremental doses (1-500 microM) of(More)
The dependence of T-wave alternans on diastolic resting period duration as well as on regional differences in monophasic action potential duration was studied in the in situ dog heart. T-wave alternans was elicited when diastolic resting period shortened to values less than 41 +/- 6% of the cardiac cycle. This could be attained either by increasing the(More)
Although potassium channel openers have been demonstrated to induce arterial vasodilation and shortening of the QT interval, the complete in vivo hemodynamic and electrophysiologic profile of these drugs has not been fully established. We evaluated the effects of BRL 38227, the active enantiomer of cromakalim, on the electrophysiologic and hemodynamic(More)