Antoine Mahé

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Hepatitis B virus (HBV) surface antigen (HBsAg) was found in 9.2% of 1,186 pregnant women from Gabon, of whom 10.1% had the HBe antigen and 89.9% had anti-HBe antibodies. Antibodies to the hepatitis delta virus (HDV) were found in 15.6% of the HBsAg-positive women. The HBV strains were of the A3 and E genotypes. The HDV strains belonged to HDV clades 1 and(More)
Cutaneous T cell lymphomas (CTCL) are rare lymphoproliferative diseases, which are frequently suspected to be of viral origin. As very few data were available concerning cutaneous T cell lymphomas in tropical Africa, we undertook a clinical, histopathological, immunological and viro-molecular study of patients with a clinical diagnosis of cutaneous(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a major global public health problem in both developed and developing countries. The prevalence and genetic diversity of HCV in pregnant women in Gabon, central Africa, is not known. We therefore evaluated the prevalence and the circulating genotypes of HCV in a large population cohort of pregnant women. (More)
Pemphigus has been largely studied in developed countries (North America and Europe) and in Brazil. In these geographical settings, pemphigus presents two very different epidemiological and clinical patterns. Little is known about pemphigus in other regions of the world, particularly in Africa. We report here a study of 30 cases of pemphigus observed in(More)
BACKGROUND The cosmetic use of bleaching products is considered a common practice in dark-skinned women from sub-Saharan Africa. However, there are few studies on this subject. OBJECTIVES To increase the knowledge about the dermatological consequences of this practice in Dakar, the capital of Senegal. METHODS A representative sample of 368 adult women(More)
INTRODUCTION The aim of this report is to describe an HIV-2 seropositive patient from Mali who had adult-T cell Leukaemia/Lymphoma associated with HTLV-I infection. CASE REPORT The patient presented with erythroderma and foliate lymphocyte leukaemia. Skin biopsy showed an epidermotropic lymphoma. Tumoural cells expressed a mature T-cell phenotype(More)
Kaposi's sarcoma frequently develops in patients with immune deficiency which may be drug-induced (corticosteroids, immunodepressants). We report a case of Kaposi's sarcoma in a 75-year old man who had been taking oral prednisone continually for 7 years as treatment of severe asthma. Data from the literature clearly show that corticosteroid therapy may(More)
In Mali, the cosmetic use of bleaching agents by black people has become a social phenomenon. How wide is this practice is not precisely known. We report the results of a survey conducted in Bamako among women aged from 15 to 45 years in order to evaluate the prevalence of this practice and its socio-economic factors. Two-hundred and ten women were(More)
In order to estimate the importance as a public health problem of skin diseases, we investigated the prevalence and severity of skin diseases in a representative sample of children in Mali. 1817 children were randomly selected in 30 clusters by probability-proportional-to-size sampling in Koulikoro region. The mean prevalence (+/- 2 SD) of skin diseases was(More)
BACKGROUND Kaposi sarcoma (KS) is a complex tumor of uncertain clonality. Studying the viral clonality of the human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) in KS to determine clonality of the tumors, a strategy that has been used previously with Epstein-Barr virus and its associated tumors, may elucidate whether multicentric (disseminated) KS lesions correspond to metastatic(More)