Learn More
To investigate the in vivo effects of resistance exercise on translational control in human skeletal muscle, we determined the phosphorylation of AMP-activated kinase (AMPK), eukaryotic initiation factor 4E-binding protein (4E-BP1), p70/p85-S6 protein kinase (S6K1), and ribosomal S6 protein (S6). Furthermore, we investigated whether changes in the(More)
Expression of the A-type lamins was studied in the lung adenocarcinoma cell line GLC-A1. A-type lamins, consisting of lamin A and C, are two products arising from the same gene by alternative splicing. Northern blotting showed in GLC-A1 a relatively low expression level of lamin C and an even lower expression level of lamin A as compared to other(More)
The present study was designed to determine postexercise muscle protein synthesis and whole body protein balance following the combined ingestion of carbohydrate with or without protein and/or free leucine. Eight male subjects were randomly assigned to three trials in which they consumed drinks containing either carbohydrate (CHO), carbohydrate and protein(More)
OBJECTIVE It has been suggested that adiponectin regulates plasma free fatty acid (FFA) clearance by stimulating FFA uptake and/or oxidation in muscle. We aimed to determine changes in plasma adiponectin concentration and adiponectin receptor 1 and 2 mRNA expression in skeletal muscle during and after prolonged exercise under normal, fasting conditions(More)
BACKGROUND Although insulin secretion after carbohydrate ingestion is severely impaired in patients with type 2 diabetes, amino acid and protein co-ingestion can substantially increase plasma insulin responses. OBJECTIVE We investigated insulin responses and the subsequent plasma glucose disposal rates after the ingestion of carbohydrate alone (CHO) or(More)
Whey protein ingestion has been shown to effectively stimulate postprandial muscle protein accretion in older adults. However, the impact of the amount of whey protein ingested on protein digestion and absorption kinetics, whole body protein balance, and postprandial muscle protein accretion remains to be established. We aimed to fill this gap by including(More)
The capacity of nutritional protein to induce endogenous insulin secretion has been well established. However, it is not known whether such a response is applicable in a diverse population of type 2 diabetes patients. The aim of the present study was to assess the impact of co-ingesting either intact or hydrolyzed protein with carbohydrate on postprandial(More)
This study investigates the impact of protein coingestion with carbohydrate on muscle protein synthesis during endurance type exercise. Twelve healthy male cyclists were studied during 2 h of fasted rest followed by 2 h of continuous cycling at 55% W(max). During exercise, subjects received either 1.0 g·kg(-1)·h(-1) carbohydrate (CHO) or 0.8 g·kg(-1)·h(-1)(More)
Our objective was to determine the impact of carbohydrate and/or protein ingestion before and after exercise on ribosomal protein S6 kinase (S6K1) and S6 phosphorylation status in human skeletal muscle tissue. Seven healthy, untrained men (22.5 +/- 0.9 y) were randomly assigned to 2 cross-over experiments. Before, immediately after, and 1 h after a single(More)
OBJECTIVE As the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) plays a central role in fat mass regulation, we investigated whether initial subcutaneous PPARgamma activity is related to fat mass generation during overfeeding. SUBJECTS Fourteen healthy female subjects (age 25 +/- 4 years, BMI 22.1 +/- 2.3 kg/m2). DESIGN AND MEASUREMENTS(More)