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Intraneuronal aggregates of hyperphosphorylated tau proteins, referred to as pathological tau, are found in brain areas of demented patients affected by numerous different neurodegenerative disorders. We previously described a particular biochemical profile of pathological tau proteins in myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1). This multisystemic disorder is(More)
OBJECTIVE Enduring, abnormal expression and function of the ion channel hyperpolarization-activated cyclic adenosine monophosphate gated channel type 1 (HCN1) occurs in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). We examined the underlying mechanisms, and investigated whether interfering with these mechanisms could modify disease course. METHODS Experimental TLE was(More)
Amyloid deposits and neurofibrillary tangles (NFT) are the two hallmarks that characterize Alzheimer's disease (AD). In order to find the molecular partners of these degenerating processes, we have developed antibodies against insoluble AD brain lesions. One clone, named AD46, detects only NFT. Biochemical and histochemistry analyses demonstrate that the(More)
The primary feature of dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) is the aggregation of alpha-synuclein into characteristic lesions: Lewy bodies (LBs) and Lewy neurites. However, in most of DLB cases, LBs are associated with neurofibrillary tangles and amyloid plaques (both Alzheimer disease [AD]-related lesions). We wanted to determine if this overlap of lesions is(More)
Consumption of certain substances during pregnancy can interfere with brain development, leading to deleterious long-term neurological and cognitive impairments in offspring. To test whether modulators of adenosine receptors affect neural development, we exposed mouse dams to a subtype-selective adenosine type 2A receptor (A2AR) antagonist or to caffeine, a(More)
The autosomal dominant mutation causing myotonic dystrophy (DM1) is a CTG repeat expansion in the 3'-UTR of the DM protein kinase (DMPK) gene. This multisystemic disorder includes myotonia, progressive weakness and wasting of skeletal muscle and extramuscular symptoms such as cataracts, testicular atrophy, endocrine and cognitive dysfunction. The mechanisms(More)
Vaccination against human beta-amyloid peptide (A beta) has been shown to remove the amyloid burden produced in transgenic mice overexpressing the mutated human amyloid precursor protein (APP) gene. For human beings, the efficiency of this therapeutic strategy has to take into account the specificities of human amyloid, especially at the early stages of(More)
Prominent neuronal and glial tau filamentous inclusions are hallmarks of neurodegenerative tauopathies, among them Alzheimer's disease (AD), progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), corticobasal degeneration (CBD), Pick's disease (PiD), and argyrophilic grain disease (AgD). AgD is a late onset dementia in which pathologically aggregated tau proteins are found(More)
Amyloid precursor protein (APP) dysfunction is a key aetiologic agent in Alzheimer's disease (AD). The processing of this transmembrane protein generates carboxy terminal fragments (CTFs) upstream of beta-amyloid peptide (Abeta) production. The physiologic significance of APP-CTFs is still poorly understood, as well as the relationship that could link APP(More)
In vivo electrophysiological recordings of neuronal circuits are necessary for diagnostic purposes and for brain-machine interfaces. Organic electronic devices constitute a promising candidate because of their mechanical flexibility and biocompatibility. Here we demonstrate the engineering of an organic electrochemical transistor embedded in an ultrathin(More)